The research focus of IBF is the integrated modeling of natural resources and ecosystems management using IIASA models such as the Global Biosphere Management Model (GLOBIOM) for the development of transformations in food and bio-based sectors that enable satisfying human needs while ensuring the sustainable use of terrestrial and marine environments.
The IBF Group strives to bring about transformations in the use and management of terrestrial, fresh water, and marine ecosystems for “happy people on a healthy planet” by informing national and international policies, and by engaging with businesses and civil society. For this, the group relies on a suite of well-established models, including the Global Biosphere Management Model (GLOBIOM) and the Global Forest Model (G4M), as well as its reputation as a credible partner in concrete policy/regulatory processes.
The group’s key research areas include:
- Land, water, and oceans management focusing on primary producers in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries and their impact on the environment, including land-based climate change mitigation.
- Bio-based sectors integrating consumers and producers across food, fibre, and fuel supply chains.
- Shocks, adaptation, and resilience within bio-based sectors including weather extremes.
- Food, nutrition, and poverty, as the main social outcomes of land, water, and oceans use.
- Integrated biosphere foresight and solutions developing forward-looking scenarios for the assessment of potential synergies and trade-offs between relevant Sustainable Development Goals at regional and global scales, and exploring national and international options for their achievement to inform policymaking.
27 November 2023
22 November 2023
06 November 2023
11 November 2023
09 October 2023
Using the journey of chocolate, from the sun-drenched cocoa plantations to the sweet bars that we all know and love, IIASA researchers Ali Kharrazi and Zuelclady Araujo Gutierrez recently guided a group of young learners through the practical applications of systems thinking and life-cycle analysis in our everyday lives.
Toraño Caicoya, A., Vergarechea, M., Blattert, C., Klein, J., Eyvindson, K., Burgas, D., Snäll, T., Mönkkönen, M., Astrup, R., Di Fulvio, F. , Forsell, N., Hartikainen, M., Uhl, E., Poschenrieder, W., & Antón-Fernández, C. (2023). What drives forest multifunctionality in central and northern Europe? Exploring the interplay of management, climate, and policies. Ecosystem Services 64 e101575. 10.1016/j.ecoser.2023.101575. (In Press) Gidden, M. , Gasser, T. , Grassi, G., Forsell, N., Janssens, I., Lamb, W., Minx, J., Nicholls, Z. , Steinhauser, J. , & Riahi, K. (2023). Aligning climate scenarios to emissions inventories shifts global benchmarks. Nature 10.1038/s41586-023-06724-y. (In Press) Soterroni, A., Império, M., Scarabello, M., Seddon, N., Obersteiner, M. , Rochedo, P., Schaeffer, R., Andrade, P., Ramos, F., Azevedo, T., Ometto, J., Havlik, P. , & Alencar, A. (2023). Nature‐based solutions are critical for putting Brazil on track towards net‐zero emissions by 2050. Global Change Biology 10.1111/gcb.16984. (In Press) Zagorodny, A.G., Bogdanov, V.L., Ermolieva, T., & Komendantova, N. (2023). Modeling for managing Food-Energy-Water-Social-Environmental- NEXUS security: Novel systems’ analysis approaches. In: Ювілейна Міжнародна науково-практична конференція “Глушковські читання”. До 100-річчя з дня народження В.М. Глушкова [GLUSHKOV READINGS"- 2023” To the 100th anniversary of the birth of V.M. Glushkov.]. Wang, Y., Hollingsworth, P.M., Zhai, D., West, C., Green, J., Chen, H., Hurni, K., Su, Y., Warren-Thomas, E., Xu, J., & Ahrends, A. (2023). High-resolution maps show that rubber causes substantial deforestation. Nature 10.1038/s41586-023-06642-z. Ippolito, T., Balkovič, J. , Skalský, R. , Folberth, C. , Krisztin, T. , & Neff, J. (2023). Predicting spatiotemporal soil organic carbon responses to management using EPIC-IIASA meta-models. Journal of Environmental Management 344 e118532. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.118532.