Building on the research previously undertaken in the Ecosystems Services and Management and Water programs, the BNR Program fully exploits the potential for biodiversity research within integrated system analysis. 

The program brings together different elements of land and aquatic ecosystems including agriculture, forests, and fisheries with water and the marine environment to inform global and regional policy assessments and provide robust science-based knowledge and foresight. The program aims to establish IIASA as an international community hub for biosphere research through innovative tool development; to lead the integration of biophysical-economic modeling with governance; to engage with stakeholders; and to facilitate community driven efforts. It provides policymaking support through core program and group research undertaken in the four BNR research groups.

BNR further engages in bilateral collaborations with other research programs and groups at the institute on key cross-cutting themes such as climate change adaptation and mitigation, the green economy, resilient food systems, transboundary governance, resource depletion and migration, and digital transformation. 

Models, tools, datasets

Forestry and logging

Global Forest Model (G4M)

Projects

Chamois picture taken near the Rax

Designing a resilient and coherent Trans-European Network for Nature and People (NaturaConnect)

Staff

Anastassios Haniotis profile picture

Anastassios Haniotis

Guest Senior Research Scholar (IBF)

Mia Zhu profile picture

Mia Zhu

PKU-IIASA International Postdoctoral Fellow (BNR, CDAT)

Florian Sorger-Domenigg profile picture

Florian Sorger-Domenigg

Researcher (WAT)

Anna Repo profile picture

Anna Repo

Guest Research Scholar (IBF)

News

taking a soil sample for a soil test in a field.

14 May 2024

Study confirms giant store of global soil carbon and highlights its dynamic nature

Discussions around soil carbon have traditionally revolved around organic matter, overlooking the substantial contribution of soil inorganic carbon. A recent study published in Science by an international team of researchers, however, addresses this oversight.
Forrest

07 May 2024

TaigaClimate Project Meeting 2024

The Agriculture, Forestry, and Ecosystem Services (AFE) group has hosted researchers from Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency as part of the TaigaClimate project meeting from 29 to 30 April. 
Dehydrated earth or farmland with corn plant struggling for life in dry cracked earth.

25 April 2024

Climate change could become the main driver of biodiversity decline by mid-century

Global biodiversity has declined between 2% and 11% during the 20th century due to land-use change alone, according to a large multi-model study published in Science. The projections show that climate change could become the main driver of biodiversity decline by the mid-21st century.

Focus

09 April 2024

Forest science and education in Ukraine: Priorities for action

Ukraine’s forest sector is suffering unprecedented challenges. War has impacted both forests and forestry – devastating forest areas, infrastructure and industry, as well as causing ‘brain drain’ and capacity loss due to the disruption of research institutions and the displacement of students and scientists. These impacts are compounded by factors including climate change, unstable forest health dynamics, landscape fires, and an overall decrease in forest productivity.
Pine trees
Costa Rica

07 February 2024

Rainforest gets digital twin

One of the most species-rich rainforests in southern Costa Rica is being digitally recreated. IIASA researcher Florian Hofhansl explains how the project intends to map the biodiversity and health status of the rainforest and attract sponsors.

Publications