The focus of the AFE Group is to generate knowledge and develop state-of-the-art modeling tools to advance the scientific community and support policies that enable better understanding and management of global and regional agriculture, forestry, and natural land ecosystems.

The basis for improved assessment and management of natural resources is a deep understanding of complex and interacting biophysical processes within terrestrial ecosystems. The AFE Group aims to achieve a leading position in addressing research questions requiring integrated analyses of agriculture, forestry, and natural land ecosystems at global and regional levels.

The group’s strategic ambition of biophysical tool integration for, among others, the assessment of nature-based/climate solutions, landscape restoration options, agro-forestry, or future cropland management, is at the core of the IIASA research domain on biodiversity and ecosystem services. With sustainability and biodiversity aspects as cross-cutting environmental safeguards, the group is closely aligned with the strategic direction of its host program on Biodiversity and Natural Resources. This structural and strategic setup will ensure that AFE becomes a valuable research pillar and contributor to the overarching IIASA strategy.


Sunrise on a misty boreal forest

31 January 2022

Forest management increases climate benefits provided by boreal forests

The carbon stock in managed boreal forest landscapes is increasing, while it is relatively unchanged in less intensively utilized forests where carbon losses due to forest fires have instead been significant during 1990-2017, according to a new report by the International Boreal Forest Research Association (IBFRA).
Yellow rice fields in Northwest Vietnam

05 November 2021

Mapping foodscapes to future-proof global food production systems

A project to build a map of the world’s diverse food production systems and their dependencies is helping form a better understanding of the crucial elements and necessary transformative actions that govern agricultural systems, now and in the future.


Rice fields in the north of Thailand. Rice crops in water.

Global LandScapes: RFS-IIASA Rapid Spatial Analysis

RESTORE+: Addressing Landscape Restoration on Degraded Land in Indonesia and Brazil

Huancabamba Fluss

Dynamic vegetation models: the next generation

Aerial view of large biofuel plant

Brazil-EU Cooperation for Development of Advanced Lignocellulosic Biofuel (BECOOL)


Forestry and logging
A model estimating forest growth, stock, harvest amount and comparing incomes from forestry and alternative land uses on a global scale. 


29 November 2021

An analysis of forest management in the Republic of Korea

Options Winter 2021: While urbanization is a common cause of biodiversity decline, the Republic of Korea has managed to maintain its biodiversity during its rapid economic development. IIASA researcher Florian Kraxner and colleagues analyzed the persistence of plants in the country and constructed future scenarios to better prepare for the pressures of climate change.
Cityscape of Seoul

29 November 2021

Improving fertilizer and water management practices in South Africa

Options Winter 2021: Water scarcity and rising fertilizer prices are causing complications for sustainable agriculture in South Africa. IIASA researchers have validated and calibrated models to help address the issue. 
Workers on a field in South Africa


23 May 2022 Vienna, Austria and online

IIASA at EGU 2022

02 June 2022 Hybrid Meeting

Finland and IIASA Seminar on Systems Analysis

16 August 2021 Online

IBFRA 2021: Changing Boreal Biome

26 April 2021 Virtual event

Energy Transition Week 2021