Research undertaken as part of the EELC theme focuses on issues related to distributional consequences of development trends and transformative policies, especially as it relates to vulnerable populations.

The EELC theme pertains to issues relating to the unequal accumulation of human capital and its economic and wellbeing effects both within and across cohorts; equitable access to crucial resources such as food, health care, education, the digital environment, and social safety; and the distributional consequences of development trends and transformative policies, especially for vulnerable populations (just transitions). As a hallmark, research on EELC themes will trace out the impact on the distribution of wellbeing of micro- and macroeconomic feedback loops, for instance, through endogenous adjustments in human capital investments or structural change within the economy. For more information on topics and methods used see the section themes and projects below.

Selected Publications

Chen, S., Cao, Z., Prettner, K., Kuhn, M., Yang, J., Jiao, L., Wang, Z., Li, W., Geldsetzer, P., Bärnighausen, T., Bloom, D.E., & Wang, C. (2023). Estimates and Projections of the Global Economic Cost of 29 Cancers in 204 Countries and Territories From 2020 to 2050. JAMA Oncology 9 (4) 465-472. 10.1001/jamaoncol.2022.7826.

Sanchez-Romero, M. (2022). Assessing the generational impact of COVID-19 using National Transfer Accounts (NTAs). In: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2022. pp. 1-35 Vienna Institute of Demography. ISBN 978-3-7001-8882-7 10.1553/populationyearbook2022.res1.2.

Bloom, D.E., Kuhn, M., & Prettner, K. (2022). Modern Infectious Diseases: Macroeconomic Impacts and Policy Responses. Journal of Economic Literature 60 (1) 85-131. 10.1257/jel.20201642.


Generational Impact of Covid-19

Importance of monitoring break-through infections

Interplay of transmission rates and vaccine resistance in the evolution of novel strains

Modelling household behaviour in the face of disaster risk

Regional energy transitions

Drivers of intra- and intergenerational inequality

Economic Burden of Disease

Health care systems

Health shocks



Just Transitions to Net-Zero Carbon Emissions for All (JustTrans4ALL)

Coal transition

Modelling the regional welfare impacts of just coal transitions (JUSTCOAL)