The work of several Population and Just societies Program (POPJUS) researchers will be presented at the Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione (Popdays 2023) organized by the Italian Association for Population Studies (AISP) in Roma Tre University.
The Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione (Popdays), held every two years, is one of the most important initiatives of the Italian Association for the Study of Population (Sis-Aisp). On that occasion, Italian and international leading experts and scholars, mainly from academia, the National Institute of Statistics (Istat) and other national and governmental agencies, come together to present completed, planned, and ongoing research and to provide an opportunity for comparison across a broad overview of the issues currently debated about population and society.
Miguel González-Leonardo, researcher in the Multidimensional Demographic Modeling Research Group (MDM) at the Population and Just Societies Program, will present the latest findings on impact of COVID-19 on immigration in high-income countries.
For more information visit the conference website.
Previous studies have examined the impact of COVID-19 on mortality and fertility. However, little is known about the effect of the pandemic on constraining international migration. We quantify the impact of COVID-19 on immigration flows in 15 high-income countries by forecasting their counterfactual levels in 2020 assuming no pandemic and comparing these estimates with observed immigration counts. We then explore potential driving forces, such as stringency measures and changes in unemployment moderating the extent of immigration decline. Our results show that immigration declined in all countries, except in Finland. Yet, significant cross-national variations exist. Australia (60%), Spain (45%) and Sweden (36%) display the largest declines, while immigration decreased by between 15% and 30% in seven states, and by less than 15% in four where results were not statistically significant. International travel, mobility restrictions and stay-at-home requirements exhibit a relationship with declines in immigration, although countries with similar levels of stringency witnessed different intensities of decline. Work and school closings and unemployment show no relationship.
Gonzalez-Leonardo, M., Potančoková, M. , Yildiz, D. , & Rowe, F. (2022). Quantifying the impact of COVID-19 on immigration in receiving high-income countries. OSF Preprints 10.31219/osf.io/tqfu6. (Submitted)
22 February 2023 Online and Austrian Academy of Sciences (Doktor-Ignaz-Seipel-Platz 2, Vienna)