PHUSICOS is an Innovation Action project funded by the EU Horizon 2020 program. It will demonstrate how nature-based solutions provide robust, sustainable and cost effective measures for reducing the risk of extreme weather events in rural mountain landscapes.

© Vladvitek |

© Vladvitek |

The IIASA PHUSICOS team from the Risk and Resilience program consisting of Joanne Bayer and Juliette Martin are leading Work Package 5 which explores policy framework financial instruments to enhance the effectiveness of the design and implementation of Nature Based Solutions (NBS) in the context of Governance Innovation. This includes an analysis of EU policy for enabling Nature Based Solutions NBS as implemented by national, regional and local governments, and also instruments and initiatives on the part of the business community and non-governmental organisations.


PHUSICOS’s underlying premise is that nature-based solutions are cost-effective and sustainable measures inspired by nature that attenuate, and in some cases prevent, the impacts of natural hazard events and thereby reduce human and financial costs due to better and more flexible disaster risk management. The research project aims to demonstrate the ability of nature-based solutions to increase the ecological, social and economic resilience of local communities at established case study sites with risks associated with different hydro-meteorological hazards (flooding, landslides, erosion and drought).

Consortium of partners

PHUSICOS’s excellence relies on a strong transdisciplinary consortium of partners with wide expertise and long experience from public authorities, research institutes and universities as well as private enterprises. The PHUSICOS expertise covers the fields of natural hazards and disaster risk reduction, climate scenarios modelling, GIS capabilities, geoinformatics and remote sensing, landscape architecture, landscape planning, nature conservation and ecosystem services, economics, governance and knowledge brokering to improve stakeholder involvement.

Partners and collaborating organisations

PHUSICOS 3rd Consortium meeting held in Vienna in May 2019. Co-organised by IIASA and the University of Vienna.

Print this page

Last edited: 15 July 2020


Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer

Emeritus Research Scholar Equity and Justice Research Group - Population and Just Societies Program

T +43(0) 2236 807 308


Juliette Martin

Research Scholar Equity and Justice Research Group - Population and Just Societies Program

Research Scholar Biodiversity, Ecology, and Conservation Research Group - Biodiversity and Natural Resources Program

T +43(0) 2236 807 554



30 Nov 2021 - 02 Dec 2021


Zimm, C. & Nakicenovic, N. (2022). What are the implications of the Paris Agreement for inequality? In: Making Climate Action More Effective: Lessons Learned from the First Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Eds. Pauw, W.P. & Klein, R.J.T., Routledge. ISBN 9780367754082

van der Ploeg, F. & Rezai, A. (2021). Optimal carbon pricing in general equilibrium: Temperature caps and stranded assets in an extended annual DSGE model. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 110, e102522. 10.1016/j.jeem.2021.102522.

Hochrainer-Stigler, S., Schinko, T. , Hof, A., & Ward, P.J. (2021). Adaptive risk management strategies for governments under future climate and socioeconomic change: An application to riverine flood risk at the global level. Environmental Science & Policy 125, 10-20. 10.1016/j.envsci.2021.08.010.

Hanger-Kopp, S. & Palka, M. (2021). Decision spaces in agricultural risk management: a mental model study of Austrian crop farmers. Environment, Development and Sustainability 10.1007/s10668-021-01693-6. (In Press)

Beck, M.B., Ingram, D., & Thompson, M. (2021). Modeling the Variety of Decision Making. SOA Research Institute

Schinko, T. (2021). Fostering social learning through role-play simulations to operationalize comprehensive climate risk management. In: Evidence for Action 2021 Symposium.

Linnerooth-Bayer, J. (2021). On Decision‐Analytical Support for Wicked Policy Issues. Risk Analysis 41 (6), 866-869. 10.1111/risa.13750.

Irshaid, J., Mochizuki, J. , & Schinko, T. (2021). Challenges to local innovation and implementation of low-carbon energy-transition measures: A tale of two Austrian regions. Energy Policy 156, p. 112432. 10.1016/j.enpol.2021.112432.

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313