This initiative aims at looking at multiple sustainable pathways of bioenergy in Malaysia and South East Asia to support the development of a sustainable bioeconomy in SEA through providing economic benefits and bio-physical assessments of multiple development pathways in the Malaysia and SEA-region.
The vast potential contribution of bioenergy to Malaysia’s sustainable development requires comprehensive assessment that is conducted using a system perspective covering land use, energy and biophysical productivity issues. Moreover, the potential significance of bioenergy in Malaysia represents a wider bioeconomy potential that is yet to unfold. Bioeconomy explores the production of renewable biological resources and the conversion of these resources and waste streams into value added products, such as food, feed, bio-based products and bioenergy. The project aims to generate sustainable pathways of bioenergy development as an important element of developing sustainable bioeconomy pathways for Malaysia.
Together with the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and Academy of Sciences Malaysia, IIASA’s ESM-CLR will develop an integrated analysis of spatially explicit supply chain design scenarios and cost-competitiveness implication on bioenergy application of oil palm based materials in Malaysia. This analysis will result in a whitepaper on scenario analysis and policy recommendations for enhancing sustainable utilization of oil palm based bioenergy application in Malaysia as well as scientific publications covering four bioenergy application. A BeWhere Malaysia model, as a spatially explicit technoeconomic national model, will also be developed, addressing bioenergy supply chains that deal with competition of biomass feedstock utilization for multiple energy carriers. In addition the model will address various productivity scenarios of oil palm (with possible expansion to other relevant crops) as biomass feedstock through the support of productivity database generated by biophysical models.
Last edited: 08 March 2021
MODELS AND DATA
Hoo, P., Patrizio, P., Leduc, S., Hashim, H., Kraxner, F., Tan, S.T., & Ho, W.S. (2017). Optimal Biomethane Injection into Natural Gas Grid – Biogas from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) in Malaysia. Energy Procedia 105, 562-569. 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.357.
Mosnier, A., Boere, E., Reumann, A., Yowargana, P., Pirker, J., Havlik, P. , & Pacheco, P. (2017). Palm oil and likely futures: Assessing the potential impacts of zero deforestation commitments and a moratorium on large-scale oil palm plantations in Indonesia. CIFOR Infobrief (177) 10.17528/cifor/006468.
Leduc, S., Patrizio, P., Yowargana, P., & Kraxner, F. (2016). An optimal renewable energy mix for Indonesia. In: European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2016, 17–22 April 2016, Vienna, Austria.
Tan, S.T., Leduc, S., & Kraxner, F. (2015). Renewable Energy Production from Municipal Solid Waste to Mitigate Climate Change: A Spatially Explicit Assessment for Malaysia. In: Systems Analysis 2015 - A Conference in Celebration of Howard Raiffa, 11 -13 November, 2015, Laxenburg, Austria.
Kraxner, F., Fuss, S., Leduc, S., Yowargana, P., Kindermann, G. , Pietsch, S., & Hetland, J. (2015). Driving clean energy and green economy with the help of forest-based bioenergy with CCS (BECCS) - A case study on Indonesia. In: XIV World Forestry Congress, 7-11 September 2015, Durban, South Africa.
Kraxner, F., Fuss, S., Leduc, S., Kindermann, G. , Shchepashchenko, D. , Shvidenko, A., Yowargana, P., & Aoki, K. (2014). Principles of BECCS - regional and national case studies: assessing the potentials. In: Sustaining Forests, Sustaining People: The Role of Research. pp. p. 267 Proceedings of the XXIV IUFRO World Congress, 5-11 October 2014, Salt Lake City.
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
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