The EU-funded GENIE project will explore the environmental, technical, social, legal, ethical and policy dimensions of greenhouse gas removal and solar radiation management. GENIE aims to produce a comprehensive scientific assessment for evidence-based policymaking to address climate change, and to expand our toolkit for a zero-emissions future.

Geoengineering technologies, such as solar radiation management (SRM), and negative emissions technologies, such as greenhouse gas removal (GGR), are emerging options to address climate change. This project will investigate the environmental, technical, social, legal, and policy dimensions of GGR and SRM. We provide an urgently needed interdisciplinary and holistic perspective of these technologies in order to understand conditions under which they might be deployed at scale. Our meta-analytical framework integrates insights from social science, engineering and physical science disciplines to provide a comprehensive view of GGR and SRM in the transition to climate neutrality in Europe and the world. The project will conduct excellent research and generate a robust, scientific assessment for evidence-based policymaking.

EU Emblem © EU

This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 951542)

Kikstra, J.S. , Nicholls, Z.R.J. , Smith, Christopher J., Lewis, J., Lamboll, R.D., Byers, E. , Sandstad, M., Meinshausen, M, Gidden, M.J. , Rogelj, J. , Kriegler, E., Peters, G.P., Fuglestvedt, J.S., Skeie, R.B., Samset, B.H., Wienpahl, L., van Vuuren, D.P., van der Wijst, K.-I., Al Khourdajie, A., Forster, P.M., Reisinger, A., Schaeffer, R., & Riahi, K. (2022). The IPCC Sixth Assessment Report WGIII climate assessment of mitigation pathways: from emissions to global temperatures. Geoscientific Model Development 15 (24) 9075-9109. 10.5194/gmd-15-9075-2022.

Sovacool, B.K., Baum, C.M., Low, S., Roberts, C., & Steinhauser, J. (2022). Climate policy for a net-zero future: ten recommendations for Direct Air Capture. Environmental Research Letters 17 (7) e074014. 10.1088/1748-9326/ac77a4.

Brutschin, E. , Schenuit, F., van Ruijven, B. , & Riahi, K. (2022). Exploring Enablers for an Ambitious Coal Phaseout. Politics and Governance 10 (3) 200-212. 10.17645/pag.v10i3.5535.


28 June 2023 IIASA, Gvishiani Room

The State of Carbon Dioxide Removal, Jan Minx