Population structure and dynamics are directly interlinked with economic development. The new Fact Sheet Economic Demography developed by researchers from IIASA and the Wittgenstein Centre puts the economic consequences of demographic changes into perspective, showing a realistic picture of challenges and opportunities in the future.

Declining birth rates and the resulting long-term drop in the labor force, ageing populations and the associated increase in welfare spending, an outflow of the working-age population, migration, and refugee movements, to name only a few, all impact the economy. The links are often complex and many changes in the population and age structure create uncertainties and new challenges for the economic system. A closer look at the economic consequences of the demographic changes shows, however, that general pessimism about the future is not justified, because knowledge about these changes will provide new options for adaptation and opportunities.


World map overview of virus infected regions.

08 March 2022

Understanding modern infectious diseases and their impacts

Curbing or even containing a pandemic breakout like COVID-19 almost always implies unpalatable choices between lost lives and livelihoods. The authors of a new study just published in the Journal of Economic Literature set out to better understand the impacts and trade-offs policymakers must consider when addressing modern infectious diseases and their macroeconomic repercussions.
Lightbulbs showing different aspects of change and management

04 September 2020

Research Group Leadership

As part of the implementation of the new strategy IIASA has made some further research leadership appointments. The research group leaders in each Program will provide research oversight and management of their respective groups and facilitate the functioning of program directors.
Compass with needle pointing to the word leadership

05 August 2020

New leadership appointments to support strategic research objectives

In 2021, IIASA will embark on a new strategy, which will develop and apply systems science to support transformations to sustainability. Michael Kuhn and Steffen Fritz will join the scientific leadership team that will address the institute’s research priorities to ensure that program objectives are aligned with the new IIASA strategy and institute values.