COVID-19 showed that the ability to cope, recover and adapt to the pandemic and its social and economic consequences varies across population subgroups as well as institutional and geographical contexts. Researchers from IIASA and Wittgenstein Centre published the Fact Sheet that sheds light on the impact of the pandemic on people’s health, family dynamics, economies and migration.

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about many societal challenges. People’s health, family dynamics, economies and migration were all deeply affected. One of the key challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic is the uncertainty in measurement and estimates, that are in turn needed to understand the effectiveness of policies and show which population groups are most affected. Studies can provide different ways to more accurately estimate the number of people ever infected and to raise awareness towards the sensitivity of widely used indicators. A better understanding about people’s behavior can help to find better ways to tackle and adapt to the new challenges and find adequate policy responses.


Elderley woman in mask

11 January 2022

Health fears can increase pandemic isolation habits in older Europeans

A study found that older Europeans are more likely to stick to pandemic rules if they think they are unhealthier than they actually are.
Women sitting at desk looking at zoom call in progress on computer screen

11 October 2021

How recovery from COVID-19’s impact on energy demand could help meet climate targets

The pandemic-related drop in greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 was likely the largest on record in a single year, but how our recovery might affect future emissions is less clear. New modeling examines alternative scenarios and how they could impact climate mitigation targets.
Abstract image of the Earth with covid virus

06 October 2021

Where we went wrong in tracking COVID-19 and how to fix it

The COVID-19 pandemic has made painfully clear that our global infectious disease monitoring system is not up to the task. Report after report points to missed opportunities for detecting and acting on the outbreak’s early signs and the devastating resulting loss of life.