There is an urgent need in the developing world for increased support on pollution management in order to respond to the magnitude of the threat to human health and economies. Responding to pollution is a challenge that is solvable in the near term to save lives and unlock economic opportunity through action at the local, national, regional and global levels. The methods developed by the IIASA AIR program offer an integrated perspective on cost-effective policy interventions that improve air quality, reduce negative health impacts, and deliver benefits for a wide range of development goals.
IIASA cooperates with the World Bank on its Pollution Management and Environmental Health (PMEH) program, which supports developing countries to significantly reduce air, land and water pollution through pollution management planning and investment. Initially, the PMEH program focuses on Beijing and its surroundings (China), Delhi and other large metropolitan areas in India, Hanoi (Vietnam), Johannesburg (South Africa), Cairo (Egypt) and Lagos (Nigeria).
Adjusted to the local conditions in these cities, IIASA analyses clearly indicate that beyond vehicle emissions or household fuels, any (cost-) effective intervention strategy will need to addresses the socioeconomic complexities of a wide range of other economic sectors, not least agriculture.
The China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED)
IIASA and its research partners in China, i.e., Tsinghua University and the Energy Research Institute, provide input to the development of air pollution policies in China. Inter alia, Tsinghua University and IIASA cooperate in a recent project for the CCICED to develop policy recommendations to the Chinese government on a new approach for more efficient clean air policies. Inter alia, the report calls for an effect-based rationale for setting air quality and emission reduction targets.