The IIASA Just transitions to net-zero carbon emissions for all (JustTrans4All) project, which forms part of a suite of projects under the IIASA Strategic Initiatives Program, will contribute to novel analyses of transition pathways that are socially and environmentally just. The project will inform policy design, aiming to achieve high levels of human wellbeing within planetary boundaries in line with the UN 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement.
Economic Frontiers (EF) Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) Transformative Institutional and Social Solutions (TISS) Population and Just Societies (POPJUS) Migration and Sustainable Development (MIG) Equity and Justice (EQU) Social Cohesion, Health, and Wellbeing (SHAW) Strategic Initiatives (SI)
Coal, the most carbon-intensive fossil fuel, is a major contributor to anthropogenic carbon emissions and climate change. Coal mining and combustion are also a leading cause for premature mortality due to local air pollution. On the other hand, coal is also central to many regional and local economies that rely on its mining, transportation, energy production and exports. With changing climate and rapidly depleting carbon budgets, the urgency for coal phase-out has become more prominent and many regional economies are under pressure to transition away from coal in a time bound manner.