Transparency, trust, and respect of competing worldviews, are vital in reaching stakeholder agreement on an acceptable policy solution, numerous case studies have shown. This message underlies RPV’s pursuit of “clumsy” solutions for highly contentious policy debates—solutions that involve and respect all voices in reaching a negotiated compromise.
RPV research , documented and analyzed the policy processes for implementing five electricity transmission projects in Belgium, Germany, and the UK. Trust in information sources—transmission system operators, government, civil society organizations, or academia—emerged as a key factor in public acceptance of the projects, pointing to the need for “clumsier” processes.
An RPV special issue of Natural Hazards documents a three-year participatory process in Italy that engaged citizens and experts in the co-production of landslide risk mitigation options . The main difference in this RPV-led process, compared with other analytic-deliberative processes, was its explicit elicitation and structuring of multiple stakeholder worldviews (or perspectives) on the nature of the problem and its solution, building on the theory of plural rationality. The role of experts also departed from conventional practice since expert support, which included quantitative risk analysis and cost-benefit analysis, took account of plural stakeholder perspectives in the design of policy options . A final feature was the process itself; instead of working towards a consensus, it was designed to forge a compromise, recognizing that there are multiple problem frames and “best” solutions .
RPV research  outlines how to achieve clumsiness by design in relation to governance for re-engineering city infrastructures. This entails the mapping of the "contested terrain" so as to enable the constructive engagement of the various "voices" that define it: compromise not consensus, being the sought-for (clumsy) outcome.
Open government aims to go beyond e-government by granting citizens the right to access public documents and proceedings that then allow for effective public oversight, transparency, participation, and collaboration. Drawing on the framework developed for the analysis of open government as a tool to promote democracy, an RPV study showed that in marked contrast to the program’s research on plural perspectives and clumsy solutions, the public is typically considered as a homogenous “one-voice” entity rather than a diverse group with different interests, preferences and abilities .
 Komendantova N, Voccciante M & Battaglini A (2015). Can the BestGrid Process Improve Stakeholder Involvement in Electricity Transmission Projects? Energies 8: 9407-9433.
 Karimi F & Komendantova N (2015). Understanding risk perceptions and experts views on carbon capture and storage in three European countries. GeoJournal.
 Nel D & Komendantova N (2015). Risks and barriers in renewable energy development in South Africa through Independent Power Production. African Journal of Public Affairs 8(1).
 Yazdanpanah M, Komendantova N, Linnerooth-Bayer J & Shirazi Z (2015). Green or In Between? Examining Young Adults’ Perceptions of Renewable Energy in Iran. Energy Research and Social Science 8: 78-85.
 Mihai AM & Ekenberg L (2015). A MCDM Analysis of the Roşia Montană Gold Mining Project. Sustainability. 7: 7261–7288.
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 Landauer M, Sievänen T & Neuvonen M (2015). Indicators of climate change vulnerability for winter recreation activities - A case of cross-country skiing in Finland. Leisure/Loisir 39(3-4): 403-440.
 Liu W, Vogt C, Lupi F, He G, Ouyang Z, Liu J (2015). Evolution of tourism in a flagship protected area of China. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.
 Scolobig A, Prior T, Schröter D, Jörin J, Patt A (2015). Towards people-centred approaches for effective disaster risk management: balancing rhetoric with reality. International Journal for Disaster Risk Reduction. 12: 202-212.
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Last edited: 10 May 2016
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