In 2011, the European Commission published a communication "Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage".
IIASA, together with the EC4MACS project partners, provided quantitative technical analyses for the Communication, which has been incorporated into the Staff Working Documents that accompany the Communication:
GAINS results on non-CO2 emissions are documented in this report:
IIASA contributed with its GAINS model to the analysis of the potential for mitigation of non-CO2 gases:
Inter alia, the report suggests that emissions from the air conditioning and refrigeration sector are predicted to increase by over a quarter by 2020 and by half by 2030 relative to 2005 levels.
Last edited: 20 June 2014
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
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