Options to Move Beyond 20% GHG Reductions in the EU

After the failure of the UNFCCC Copenhagen Climate Summit, to prepare for the Cancun COP in 2010, the European Commission revisited the analysis of the implications of the different levels of ambitions (20% and 30% targets) and assesses the risk of carbon leakage. 

In 2011, the European Commission published a communication "Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage".

IIASA contribution

IIASA, together with the EC4MACS project partners, provided quantitative technical analyses for the Communication, which has been incorporated into the Staff Working Documents that accompany the Communication:

GAINS results on non-CO2 emissions are documented in this report:

IIASA contributed with its GAINS model to the analysis of the potential for mitigation of non-CO2 gases:

Inter alia, the report suggests that emissions from the air conditioning and refrigeration sector are predicted to increase by over a quarter by 2020 and by half by 2030 relative to 2005 levels.

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Last edited: 20 June 2014


Lena Höglund Isaksson

Senior Research Scholar

Pollution Management Research Group|Energy


and Environment Program

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