European Union Air and Climate Policies

Since 1995, IIASA's GAINS model provides quantitative scientific analyses for the key policy initatives of the European Commission in the areas of climate change and air pollution. In numerous policy reports, model analyses highlighted the interactions between measures for different economic sectors, and informed the negotiations between institutions and Member States on how policies  can simultaneously contribute to a wide range of policy objectives of the European Union. 

Within the EC4MACS project of the EU LIFE program, IIASA coordinated a consortium of leading scientific institutions that developed a toolbox of modelling tools to at explore the synergies and interactions between climate change, air quality and other policy objectives.

GAINS and EC4MACS analyses have been used by Commission staff to develop quantitative policy proposals, to quantify their environmental and economic effects for the impact assessment of the European Commission, and to produce the background material that elaborates rationales for and expected impacts of the proposed policies. Subsequently, the tools have been used to inform policy negotiations of the European Institutions, i.e., the European Parliament, the European Council, and the European Commission.

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Last edited: 13 June 2018


Lena Höglund Isaksson

Senior Research Scholar

Pollution Management Research Group

Energy, Climate, and Environment Program

T +43(0) 2236 807 368

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313