TNT Publications

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What is Technology?

The Art of Knowing and DoingThe study of technology concerns what things are made and how things are made. Technology, from the Greek science of (practical) arts, has both a material and an immaterial aspect. More

Historical Case Studies of Energy Technology Innovation

Appendix to Chapter 24: Policies for the Energy Technology Innovation System (ETIS) of the Global Energy Assessment. More

Energy Primer

Online textbook adapted from Chapter 1 of the Global Energy Assessment (GEA). More

Peer-reviewed publications

Hunt, J. , Nascimento, A., Schwengber ten Caten, C., Caputo Tomé, F.M., Schneider, P.S., Ribeiro Thomazoni, A.L., José de Castro, N., Brandão, R., et al. (2022). Energy crisis in Brazil: Impact of hydropower reservoir level on the river flow. Energy 239, e121927. 10.1016/

Rivas-Tabares, D., Tarquis, A.M., De Miguel, Á., Gobin, A., & Willaarts, B. (2022). Enhancing LULC scenarios impact assessment in hydrological dynamics using participatory mapping protocols in semiarid regions. Science of the Total Environment 803, e149906. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149906.

Komendantova, N. , Neumueller, S., & Nkoana, E. (2022). Co-creating Policies on Societal Transformations as a Factor of Resilience of Modern Society. In: Energy Transition in the Baltic Sea Region: Understanding Stakeholder Engagement and Community Acceptance. Eds. Karimi, F. & Rodi, M., Routledge. ISBN 9781032003085

Zimm, C. & Nakicenovic, N. (2022). What are the implications of the Paris Agreement for inequality? In: Making Climate Action More Effective: Lessons Learned from the First Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Eds. Pauw, W.P. & Klein, R.J.T., Routledge. ISBN 9780367754082

Guillaumot, L. , Marçais, J., Vautier, C., Guillou, A., Vergnaud, V., Bouchez, C., Dupas, R., Durand, P., et al. (2021). A hillslope-scale aquifer-model to determine past agricultural legacy and future nitrate concentrations in rivers. Science of the Total Environment 800, e149216. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149216.

Mendoza Ponce, A. , Corona-Núñez, R.O., Nava, L.F. , Estrada, F., Calderón-Bustamante, O., Martínez-Meyer, E., Carabias, J., Larralde-Corona, A.H., et al. (2021). Impacts of land management and climate change in a developing and socioenvironmental challenging transboundary region. Journal of Environmental Management 300, e113748. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113748.

Hlásny, T., Augustynczik, A., & Dobor, L. (2021). Time matters: Resilience of a post-disturbance forest landscape. Science of the Total Environment 799, e149377. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149377.

Carr, T.W., Balkovič, J. , Dodds, P.E., Folberth, C. , & Skalský, R. (2021). The impact of water erosion on global maize and wheat productivity. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 322, e107655. 10.1016/j.agee.2021.107655.

Tsendbazar, N., Herold, M., Li, L., Tarko, A., de Bruin, S., Masiliunas, D., Lesiv, M. , Fritz, S., et al. (2021). Towards operational validation of annual global land cover maps. Remote Sensing of Environment 266, e112686. 10.1016/j.rse.2021.112686.

Wang, H., Zhao, Z., Winiwarter, W. , Bai, Z., Wang, X., Fan, X., Zhu, Z., Hu, C., et al. (2021). Strategies to reduce ammonia emissions from livestock and their cost-benefit analysis: A case study of Sheyang county. Environmental Pollution 290, e118045. 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118045.

Liu, Y., Cui, Q., Liu, Y., Zhang, J., Zhou, M., Ali, T., Yang, L., Feng, K., et al. (2021). Countermeasures against economic crisis from COVID-19 pandemic in China: An analysis of effectiveness and trade-offs. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 59, 482-495. 10.1016/j.strueco.2021.09.017.

Zobeidi, T., Yazdanpanah, M., Komendantova, N. , Sieber, S., & Löhr, K. (2021). Factors affecting smallholder farmers' technical and non-technical adaptation responses to drought in Iran. Journal of Environmental Management 298, e113552. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113552.

Naqvi, A. (2021). Decoupling trends of emissions across EU regions and the role of environmental policies. Journal of Cleaner Production 323, e129130. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129130.

Catolico, A.C.C., Maestrini, M., Strauch, J.C.M., Giusti, F., & Hunt, J. (2021). Socioeconomic impacts of large hydroelectric power plants in Brazil: A synthetic control assessment of Estreito hydropower plant. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 151, e111508. 10.1016/j.rser.2021.111508.

Chen, S., Fang, K., Dhakal, S., Kharrazi, A. , Tong, K., & Ramaswami, A. (2021). Reshaping urban infrastructure for a carbon-neutral and sustainable future. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 174, e105765. 10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105765.

Hoffmann, R., Šedová, B., & Vinke, K. (2021). Improving the evidence base: A methodological review of the quantitative climate migration literature. Global Environmental Change 71, e102367. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2021.102367.

Hunt, J. , Weber, N., Zakeri, B. , Diaby, A.T., Byrne, P., Filho, W.L., & Schneider, P.S. (2021). Deep seawater cooling and desalination: Combining seawater air conditioning and desalination. Sustainable Cities and Society 74, e103257. 10.1016/j.scs.2021.103257.

Iakubovskii, D., Krupenev, D., Komendantova, N. , & Boyarkin, D. (2021). A model for power shortage minimization in electric power systems given constraints on controlled sections. Energy Reports 7, 4577-4586. 10.1016/j.egyr.2021.07.022.

Lauri, Pekka, Forsell, Nicklas, Di Fulvio, Fulvio , Snäll, T., & Havlik, Petr (2021). Material substitution between coniferous, non-coniferous and recycled biomass – Impacts on forest industry raw material use and regional competitiveness. Forest Policy and Economics e132, e102588. 10.1016/j.forpol.2021.102588.

Battersby, S. & Brutschin, E. (2021). Finding a feasible path. IIASA Policy Brief. Laxenburg, Austria: PB-29

Battersby, S., Fujimori, S. , & van Soest, H. (2021). United scenarios. IIASA Policy Brief. Laxenburg, Austria: PB-31

Mechler, R. & Deubelli, T. (2021). A policy framework for Loss and Damage finance. IIASA Policy Brief. Laxenburg, Austria: PB-32

Gomez Sanabria, A. , Kiesewetter, G. , Klimont, Z. , Schöpp, W. , & Haberl, H. (2021). Supplementary Data to Potentials for reductions of global GHG and air pollutants from circular municipal waste management systems. 10.22022/ECE/10-2021.17598.

Jutterström, S., Moldan, F., Moldanová, J., Karl, M., Matthias, V., & Posch, M. (2021). The impact of nitrogen and sulfur emissions from shipping on the exceedance of critical loads in the Baltic Sea region. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 21 (20), 15827-15845. 10.5194/acp-21-15827-2021.

Ranger, N., Mahul, O., & Monasterolo, I. (2021). Managing the financial risks of climate change and pandemics: What we know (and don't know). One Earth 4 (10), 1375-1385. 10.1016/j.oneear.2021.09.017.

Vinichenko, V., Cherp, A., & Jewell, J. (2021). Historical precedents and feasibility of rapid coal and gas decline required for the 1.5°C target. One Earth 4 (10), 1477-1490. 10.1016/j.oneear.2021.09.012.

Romanello, M., McGushin, A., Di Napoli, C., Drummond, P., Hughes, N., Jamart, L., Kennard, H., Lampard, P., et al. (2021). The 2021 report of the Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: code red for a healthy future. The Lancet 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)01787-6.

DeAngelo, J., Azevedo, I., Bistline, J., Clarke, L., Luderer, G., Byers, E. , & Davis, S.J. (2021). Energy systems in scenarios at net-zero CO2 emissions. Nature Communications 12 (1), e6096. 10.1038/s41467-021-26356-y.

Schultes, A., Piontek, F., Soergel, B., Rogelj, J. , Baumstark, L., Kriegler, E., Edenhofer, O., & Luderer, G. (2021). Economic damages from on-going climate change imply deeper near-term emission cuts. Environmental Research Letters 16 (10), e104053. 10.1088/1748-9326/ac27ce.

Nakicenovic, N. (2021). Globale Energietransformation hin zu Netto-Null. In: Deutschlands Neue Agenda: Die Transformation von Wirtschaft und Staat in eine klimaneutrale und digitale Gesellschaft. Eds. Grimm, V., Lang, J., Messner, D., Meyer, D., Meyer, L., Mikutta, S. & Schaible, S., pp. 141-148 Berlin, Germany: Econ-Verlag. ISBN ‎ 978-3430210690

Schaap, K.J., Fuchslueger, L., Hoosbeek, M.R., Hofhansl, F. , Martins, N.P., Valverde-Barrantes, O.J., Hartley, I.P., Lugli, L.F., et al. (2021). Litter inputs and phosphatase activity affect the temporal variability of organic phosphorus in a tropical forest soil in the Central Amazon. Plant and Soil 10.1007/s11104-021-05146-x.

Zhao, H., Chang, J. , Havlik, P. , van Dijk, M., Valin, H. , Janssens, C., Ma, L., Bai, Z., et al. (2021). China’s future food demand and its implications for trade and environment. Nature Sustainability 10.1038/s41893-021-00784-6. (In Press)

Stark, S., Biber-Freudenberger, L., Dietz, T., Escobar Lanzuela, N. , Förster, J.J., Henderson, J., Laibach, N., & Börner, J. (2021). Sustainability implications of transformation pathways for the bioeconomy. Sustainable Production and Consumption 10.1016/j.spc.2021.10.011. (In Press)

Falchetta, G. (2021). Energy access investment, agricultural profitability, and rural development: time for an integrated approach. Environmental Research: Infrastructure and Sustainability 10.1088/2634-4505/ac3017. (In Press)

Sferra, F., van Ruijven, B. , & Riahi, K. (2021). Downscaling IAMs results to the country level – a new algorithm. IIASA Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria

Bai, Zhaohai, Ma, Wenqi, Zhao, Hao, Guo, Mengchu, Oenema, Oene, Smith, Pete, Velthof, Gerard, Liu, Xia, et al. (2021). Food and feed trade has greatly impacted global land and nitrogen use efficiencies over 1961–2017. Nature Food 2 (10), 780-791. 10.1038/s43016-021-00351-4.

Fraisl, D. (2021). The use of citizen science to address data gaps in the SDGs. In: Recommendations on Electronic Information Tools: Using citizen science effectively within the Aarhus context, October 2021, Geneva, Switzerland.

Pahle, M., Schaeffer, R., Pachauri, S. , Eom, J., Awasthy, A., Chen, W., Di Maria, C., Kiang, K., et al. (2021). The crucial role of complementarity, transparency and adaptability for designing energy policies for sustainable development. Energy Policy 159, e112662. 10.1016/j.enpol.2021.112662.

Purohit, P. , Borgford-Parnell, N., Klimont, Z. , & Höglund-Isaksson, L. (2021). Achieving Paris climate goals calls for increasing ambition of the Kigali Amendment. Nature Portfolio 10.21203/ (Submitted)

Kikstra, J. , Vinca, A. , Lovat, F. , Boza-Kiss, B. , van Ruijven, B. , Wilson, C. , Rogelj, J. , Zakeri, B. , et al. (2021). Climate mitigation scenarios with persistent COVID-19-related energy demand changes. Nature Energy 10.1038/s41560-021-00904-8. (In Press)

Mastrucci, A. , van Ruijven, B. , Byers, E. , Poblete-Cazenave, M., & Pachauri, S. (2021). Global scenarios of residential heating and cooling energy demand and CO2 emissions. Climatic Change 168 (3-4), e14. 10.1007/s10584-021-03229-3.

Naqvi, A. & Monasterolo, I. (2021). Assessing the cascading impacts of natural disasters in a multi-layer behavioral network framework. Scientific Reports 11, e20146. 10.1038/s41598-021-99343-4.

Roe, S., Streck, C., Beach, R., Bush, J., Chapman, M., Daioglou, V., Deppermann, A., Doelman, J., et al. (2021). Land-based measures to mitigate climate change: Potential and feasibility by country. Global Change Biology 10.1111/gcb.15873. (In Press)

Frank, S. , Havlik, P , Tabeau, A., Witzke, P., Boere, E., Bogonos, M., Deppermann, A., van Dijk, M., et al. (2021). How much multilateralism do we need? Effectiveness of unilateral agricultural mitigation efforts in the global context. Environmental Research Letters 16 (10), e104038. 10.1088/1748-9326/ac2967.

Hasegawa, T., Fujimori, S. , Frank, S. , Humpenöder, F., Bertram, C., Després, J., Drouet, L., Emmerling, J., et al. (2021). Land-based implications of early climate actions without global net-negative emissions. Nature Sustainability 10.1038/s41893-021-00772-w.

Nascimento, L., Kuramochi, T., Moisio, M., Hans, F., de Vivero, G., Gonzales-Zuñiga, S., Smit, S., Lui, S., et al. (2021). Greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries – Analysis of current climate policies and mitigation commitments: 2021 Update. NewClimate Institute

David, L.M., Barth, M., Höglund-Isaksson, L. , Purohit, P. , Velders, G.J.M., Glaser, S., & Ravishankara, A.R. (2021). Trifluoroacetic acid deposition from emissions of HFO-1234yf in India, China, and the Middle East. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 21 (19), 14833-14849. 10.5194/acp-21-14833-2021.

Fraisl, D. (2021). Global Citizen Science Partnership (GCSP). In: United Nations World Data Forum, 3-6 October 2021.

Vallicrosa, H., Sardans, J., Maspons, J., Zuccarini, P., Fernández‐Martínez, M., Bauters, M., Goll, D.S., Ciais, P., et al. (2021). Global maps and factors driving forest foliar elemental composition: the importance of evolutionary history. New Phytologist 10.1111/nph.17771. (In Press)

Gallardo-Cruz, J.A., Peralta-Carreta, C., Solórzano, J.V., Fernández-Montes de Oca, A.I., Nava, L.F. , Kauffer, E., & Carabias, J. (2021). Deforestation and trends of change in protected areas of the Usumacinta River basin (2000–2018), Mexico and Guatemala. Regional Environmental Change 21 (4), e97. 10.1007/s10113-021-01833-8.

Marois, G. , Gietel-Basten, S., & Lutz, W. (2021). China's low fertility may not hinder future prosperity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118 (40), e2108900118. 10.1073/pnas.2108900118.

Boucher, O., Borella, A., Gasser, T. , & Hauglustaine, D. (2021). On the contribution of global aviation to the CO2 radiative forcing of climate. Atmospheric Environment 267, e118762. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2021.118762.

Rao, N.D. & Wilson, C. (2021). Advancing energy and well-being research. Nature Sustainability 10.1038/s41893-021-00775-7. (In Press)

Martins, N.P., Fuchslueger, L., Fleischer, K., Andersen, K.M., Assis, R.L., Baccaro, F. B., Camargo, P.B., Cordeiro, A.L., et al. (2021). Fine roots stimulate nutrient release during early stages of leaf litter decomposition in a Central Amazon rainforest. Plant and Soil 10.1007/s11104-021-05148-9. (In Press)

Bell, S.M. (2021). Soil carbon sequestration following agricultural land abandonment in the EU. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Brocza, F. (2021). Future mercury control strategies and associated costs. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Chen, S., Prettner, K., Kuhn, M., & Bloom, D.E. (2021). The economic burden of COVID-19 in the United States: Estimates and projections under an infection-based herd immunity approach. The Journal of the Economics of Ageing 20, e100328. 10.1016/j.jeoa.2021.100328.

De Assis Brasil Weber, N. (2021). Long-term energy storage assessment to adapt to climate change: study case of Brazil. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Goedeking, N. (2021). Scaling-up Public Investment for Low-Carbon Urban Transit: Lessons from Mexico and Peru. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Hayashi, K., Shibata, H., Oita, A., Nishina, K., Ito, A., Katagiri, K., Shindo, J., & Winiwarter, W. (2021). Nitrogen budgets in Japan from 2000 to 2015: Decreasing trend of nitrogen loss to the environment and the challenge to further reduce nitrogen waste. Environmental Pollution 286, e117559. 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117559.

Jang, Y. (2021). Development of a sector-specific and chemically-speciated VOCs emissions in Northeast Asia using the GAINS-IV framework. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Joshi, S. (2021). Role of Rooftop Solar Photovoltaics in Global Energy Transitions. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Lehmijoki, U. & Palokangas, T. (2021). Optimal Population Policy with Health Care and Lethal Pollution. Portuguese Economic Journal 10.1007/s10258-021-00202-x.

Liu, X. (2021). Cost-optimized pathways to achieve the carbon neutrality and PM2.5 air quality targets in Southern China. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Marginean, I. (2021). Demography and heat stress: the role of population dynamics in climate risk projections. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Meng, W. (2021). Costs and benefits of household fuel policies and alternative strategies in the Jing-Jin-Ji region. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Mohd Idris, M.N., Hashim, H., Leduc, S., Yowargana, P., Kraxner, F., & Woon, K.S. (2021). Deploying Bioenergy for Decarbonizing Malaysian Energy Sectors and Alleviating Renewable Energy Poverty. Energy 232, e120967. 10.1016/

Moreno Dumont Goulart, H. (2021). Future climatic impacts on soybean yields in South America and its consequences on agricultural markets. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Mueller, C. (2021). Sub-national Land Use Change of Future International Demand for Agri-commodities in Argentina - In-depth Assessment of Linkages of GLOBIOM with TRASE. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Nordin, I. (2021). GHG Efficient Policies for Biofuel Production on Agricultural and Abandoned Agricultural Land. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Park, E. (2021). Assessment of Afforestation Options with Special Emphasis on Forest Productivity and Carbon Storage in North Korea. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Radin, M. (2021). Impacts and Synergies of Environmental Health Services and Housing Infrastructure on Child Health. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Rathod, S. (2021). Emissions from metal production to meet renewable energy demand in climate scenarios. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Rinke Dias de Souza, N. (2021). Valorization of ecosystem services through location optimization of integrated value chains for biofuel and livestock production in Brazil. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Rosengren, L. (2021). Interlinkages between leverage points for strengthening adaptive capacity to climate change. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Schenuit, F. (2021). Carbon Dioxide Removal Governance in Practice: Assessing developments in Brazil, China, India and Russia. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Singh, C. (2021). Self-influencing feedback of deforestation on the actors responsible. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Spillias, S. (2021). The Global Benefits of Large-Scale Seaweed Farming. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Valencia Cotera, R. (2021). Modelling water resources management for climate change adaptation in Austrian agriculture. The case of Seewinkel. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Wu, Y. (2021). Global Land Use Change and Food Security Implications of China’s Bioenergy Development under 2060 Carbon Neutrality Target. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Zhemchugova, H. (2021). Evaluating Risk Governance Practice Against the Sendai Framework: The Case of Forest Fires in Sweden. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Zwickl-Bernhard, S. (2021). Disclosing the heat density of centralized heatnetworks in Austria 2050 under the 1.5°C climate target. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

de Assis Moreira, R. (2021). Who is at risk? Differential vulnerability to climate-related hazards in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Braga, J.P., Semmler, W., & Grass, D. (2021). De-risking of green investments through a green bond market – Empirics and a dynamic model. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 131, e104201. 10.1016/j.jedc.2021.104201.

Brutschin, E. , Cherp, A., & Jewell, J. (2021). Failing the formative phase: The global diffusion of nuclear power is limited by national markets. Energy Research & Social Science 80, e102221. 10.1016/j.erss.2021.102221.

Chen, S., Kuhn, M., Prettner, K., Bloom, D.E., & Wang, C. (2021). Macro-level efficiency of health expenditure: Estimates for 15 major economies. Social Science and Medicine 287, e114270. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114270.

Flach, R., Abrahão, G., Bryant, B., Scarabello, M., Soterroni, A., Ramos, F.M., Valin, H. , Obersteiner, M. , et al. (2021). Conserving the Cerrado and Amazon biomes of Brazil protects the soy economy from damaging warming. World Development 146, e105582. 10.1016/j.worlddev.2021.105582.

Guo, F. , van Ruijven, B. , Zakeri, B. , Krey, V. , & Riahi, K. (2021). Global Energy Interconnection: A scenario analysis based on the MESSAGEix-GLOBIOM Model. IIASA Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria

Luo, Y., Zhao, Y., Pang, L., Guo, C., Liang, R., & Zheng, X. (2021). Association between urbanicity and dementia in China: a population-based study. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B 76 (8), gbaa090. 10.1093/geronb/gbaa090.

Okaali, D.A., Kroeze, C., Medema, G., Burek, P. , Murphy, H., Tumwebaze, I.K., Rose, J.B., Verbyla, M.E., et al. (2021). Modelling rotavirus concentrations in rivers: Assessing Uganda's present and future microbial water quality. Water Research 204, e117615. 10.1016/j.watres.2021.117615.

Perumal, L., New, M.G., Jonas, M. , & Liu, W. (2021). The impact of roads on sub-Saharan African ecosystems: a systematic review. Environmental Research Letters 16 (11), e113001. 10.1088/1748-9326/ac2ad9.

Prussi, M., Lee, U., Wang, M., Malina, R., Valin, H. , Taheripour, F., Velarde, C., Staples, M.D., et al. (2021). CORSIA: The first internationally adopted approach to calculate life-cycle GHG emissions for aviation fuels. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 150, e111398. 10.1016/j.rser.2021.111398.

Qi, Wei, Abel, Guy , & Liu, Shenghe (2021). Geographic transformation of China's internal population migration from 1995 to 2015: Insights from the migration centerline. Applied Geography 135, e102564. 10.1016/j.apgeog.2021.102564.

Wehn, U., Ajates, R., Fraisl, D. , Gharesifard, M., Gold, M., Hager, G. , Oliver, J.L., See, L. , et al. (2021). Capturing and communicating impact of citizen science for policy: A storytelling approach. Journal of Environmental Management 295, e113082. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113082.

Yazdanpanah, M., Zobeidi, T., Tajeri Moghadam, M., Komendantova, N. , Löhr, K., & Sieber, S. (2021). Cognitive theory of stress and farmers’ responses to the COVID 19 shock; a model to assess coping behaviors with stress among farmers in southern Iran. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 64, e102513. 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102513.

van der Ploeg, F. & Rezai, A. (2021). Optimal carbon pricing in general equilibrium: Temperature caps and stranded assets in an extended annual DSGE model. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 110, e102522. 10.1016/j.jeem.2021.102522.

Höglund-Isaksson, L. , Winiwarter, W. , Purohit, P. , Gomez-Sanabria, A. , Rafaj, P. , Warnecke, L. , & Schöpp, W. (2021). Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions in the EU-27 from 2005 to 2070 with mitigation potentials and costs: GAINS model methodology. IIASA

Su, H. (2021). Small-scale farms’ contribution to food security and sustainable water use: The development of a 5 arcmin farm-size specific crop map of harvested area and its implication for water management. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Gopalakrishna, T. (2021). Trade-offs and synergies between ecosystem benefits from forest restoration in India. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Li, J. (2021). Effects of Environmental Protection Policies on Nutrient Export in the Yangtze River Basin. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Van Sundert, K. (2021). The case for incorporating soil nutrient availability into large-scale forest management models. IIASA YSSP Report. Laxenburg, Austria: IIASA

Thiery, B.W., Lange, S., Rogelj, J. , Schleussner, C.-F., Gudmundsson, L., Seneviratne, S.I., Andrijevic, M., Frieler, K., et al. (2021). Intergenerational inequities in exposure to climate extremes. Science 374 (6564), 158-160. 10.1126/science.abi7339.

Lyon, C., Saupe, E.E., Smith, C. , Hill, D.J., Beckerman, A.P., Stringer, L.C., Marchant, R., McKay, J., et al. (2021). Climate change research and action must look beyond 2100. Global Change Biology 10.1111/gcb.15871. (In Press)

Fiedler, S., Wyser, K., Rogelj, J. , & van Noije, T. (2021). Radiative effects of reduced aerosol emissions during the COVID-19 pandemic and the future recovery. Atmospheric Research 264, e105866. 10.1016/j.atmosres.2021.105866.

Höhne, N., Gidden, M. , den Elzen, M., Hans, F., Fyson, C., Geiges, A., Jeffery, M.L., Gonzales-Zuñiga, S., et al. (2021). Wave of net zero emission targets opens window to meeting the Paris Agreement. Nature Climate Change 11, 820-822. 10.1038/s41558-021-01142-2.

Kumar, N., Park, R.J., Jeong, J.I., Woo, J.-H., Kim, Y. , Johnson, J., Yarwood, G., Kang, S., et al. (2021). Contributions of international sources to PM2.5 in South Korea. Atmospheric Environment 261, e118542. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2021.118542.

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