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Dr. Simon Parkinson is a Research Scholar affiliated with the IIASA Energy (ENE) Program. He is motivated to address the negative impacts human consumption cause in the environment and the poverty and inequalities existing today in many regions of the world. He combines engineering-economic models with geospatial analytics to provide decision-makers and stakeholders with quantitative insights into the technical and societal transformations that can significantly reduce long-term sustainability challenges and enhance resilience. The ultimate objective is to identify future pathways that capitalize on potential synergies across sectors, minimize counterproductive policies, and ensure that humanity eliminates poverty while remaining within ecosystem boundaries.
Dr. Parkinson's scientific contributions include more than 30 peer-reviewed publications and the successful coordination of international projects funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), The Global Environment Facility (GEF) and World Wildlife Fund (WWF). He supports capacity building for the IIASA National Member Organizations (NMOs), most recently by advising the Government of India on integrated water, energy and land policy modeling in preparation for the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD COP14). Dr. Parkinson further contributes to the international research assessments that summarize state-of-the-art sustainable development science, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on 1.5 degrees C (IPCC SR1.5), the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (IPCC AR6), and the International Council for Science (ICSU) Guide to Sustainable Development Goal Interactions.
Dr. Parkinson is appointed Adjunct Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Victoria (Canada) for his leadership of a graduate student laboratory focusing on multi-scale integrated assessment modelling. Dr. Parkinson has a PhD/MS in Mechanical Engineering (University of Victoria) and a BS in Engineering Physics (University of Saskatchewan).
Last update: 29-SEP-2020
Awais M, Parkinson S, Zakeri B , McPherson M, & Riahi K (2020). Leveraging new open-source modelling tools to rapidly prototype pathways for achieving SDG7 and mid-century climate targets in Pakistan. In: AGU Fall Meeting, 11-17 December 2018.
Parkinson S & Hunt J (2020). The economic potential for rainfed agrivoltaics in groundwater stressed regions. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 7 (7): 525-531. DOI:10.1021/acs.estlett.0c00349.
Vinca A , Parkinson S, & Riahi K (2020). Benefits of Cross-Border Cooperation for Achieving Water-Energy-Land Sustainable Development Goals in the Indus Basin. DOI:10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-13296. In: European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2020, 4-8 May 2020, Vienna, Austria.
Hunt J , Byers E , Wada Y , Parkinson S, Gernaat DEHJ, Langan S , van Vuuren DP, & Riahi K (2020). Global resource potential of seasonal pumped hydropower storage for energy and water storage. Nature Communications 11 (1): e947. DOI:10.1038/s41467-020-14555-y.
Falchetta G, Kasamba C, & Parkinson S (2020). Monitoring hydropower reliability in Malawi with satellite data and machine learning. Environmental Research Letters 15 (1): e014011. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/ab6562.
Falchetta G, Pachauri S , Byers E , Danylo O, & Parkinson SC (2020). Satellite Observations Reveal Inequalities in the Progress and Effectiveness of Recent Electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa. One Earth DOI:10.1016/j.oneear.2020.03.007. (In Press)
Zhou W, McCollum D, Fricko O , Fujimori S, Gidden M, Guo F, Hasegawa T, Huang H, et al. (2020). Decarbonization pathways and energy investment needs for developing Asia in line with 'well below' 2 °C. Climate Policy 20 (2): 234-245. DOI:10.1080/14693062.2020.1722606.
Wang Y, Byers E , Parkinson S, Wanders N, Wada Y , Mao J, & Bielicki JM (2019). Vulnerability of existing and planned coal-fired power plants in Developing Asia to changes in climate and water resources. Energy & Environmental Science 12 (10): 3164-3181. DOI:10.1039/c9ee02058f.
Vinca A , Parkinson S, Byers E , Burek P , Khan Z, Krey V , Diuana F, Wang Y, et al. (2019). The Nexus Solutions Tool (NEST): An open platform for optimizing multi-scale energy-water-land system transformations. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions 13 (3): 1095-1121. DOI:10.5194/gmd-2019-134.
Falchetta G, Pachauri S , Parkinson S, & Byers E (2019). A high-resolution gridded dataset to assess electrification in sub-Saharan Africa. Scientific Data 6 (1): art. 110. DOI:10.1038/s41597-019-0122-6.
Vinca A , Parkinson S, Byers E , & Burek P (2019). Achieving Climate-Land-Energy-Water Sustainable Development Goals in the Indus Basin. In: European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2019, 7–12 April 2019, Vienna, Austria.
Rao N , Poblete Cazenave M, Bhalerao R, Davis KF, & Parkinson S (2019). Spatial analysis of energy use and GHG emissions from cereal production in India. Science of the Total Environment 654: 841-849. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.073.
Willaarts B , Magnuszewski P, Palazzo A , Parkinson S, Mayor Rodriguez B, Vinca A , van Dijk M, & Langan S (2019). Bridging the gap across scales in scenario planning: Co-designing water-energy-land visions and pathways in transboundary basins. In: Scenario Forum Conference, 10-13 March 2019, Denver, USA.
Parkinson S, Krey V , Huppmann D , Kahil T , McCollum D, Fricko O , Byers E , Gidden M, et al. (2019). Balancing clean water-climate change mitigation tradeoffs. Environmental Research Letters 14 (1): e014009. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/aaf2a3.
Hunt J , Byers E , Wada Y , Parkinson S, Gernaat D, Langan S , van Vuurem D, & Riahi K (2019). Global resource potential of seasonal pumped-storage for energy and water storage. Nature Communications DOI:10.31223/osf.io/5s7bt. (In Press)
Johnson N, Burek P , Byers E , Falchetta G, Flörke M, Fujimori S, Havlik P , Hejazi M, et al. (2019). Integrated Solutions for the Water-Energy-Land Nexus: Are Global Models Rising to the Challenge? Water 11 (11): no. 2223. DOI:10.3390/w11112223.
Kahil T , Parkinson S, Satoh Y, Greve P, Burek P , Veldkamp T, Burtscher R , Byers E , et al. (2018). A continental-scale hydro-economic model for integrating water-energy-land nexus solutions. Water Resources Research DOI:10.1029/2017WR022478.
Byers E , Parkinson S, Balkovic J , Burek P , Ebi K, Gidden M, Grey D, Greve P, et al. (2018). Global climate and development hotspots assessment: Asia under pressure. In: 5th Asian Energy Modelling Workshop, 10-12 September 2018, Singapore.
Roy J, Tschakert P, Waisman H, Halim S, Antwi-Agyei P, Dasgupta P, Hayward B, Kanninen M, et al. (2018). Chapter 5: Sustainable Development, Poverty Eradication and Reducing Inequalities. In: Global Warming of 1.5 °C an IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
TWI2050 - The World in 2050 (2018). Transformations to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Report prepared by The World in 2050 initiative. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). Laxenburg, Austria
McCollum D, Zhou W, Bertram C, de Boer H-S, Bosetti V, Busch S, Despres J, Drouet L, et al. (2018). Energy investment needs for fulfilling the Paris Agreement and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Nature Energy 3 (7): 589-599. DOI:10.1038/s41560-018-0179-z.
Byers E , Gidden M, Leclere D, Balkovic J , Burek P , Ebi K, Grey D, Greve P, et al. (2018). Global exposure and vulnerability to multi-sector development and climate change hotspots. In: International Energy Workshop, 19-21 June 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Khan Z, Linares P, Rutten M, Parkinson S, Johnson N, & García-González J (2018). Spatial and temporal synchronization of water and energy systems: Towards a single integrated optimization model for long-term resource planning. Applied Energy 210: 499-517. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.05.003.
Parkinson S, Krey V , Huppmann D , Kahil T , McCollum D, Fricko O , Byers E , Gidden M, et al. (2018). Balancing clean water-climate change mitigation tradeoffs. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-18-005
Byers E , Gidden M, Leclere D, Burek P , Ebi KL, Greve P, Grey D, Havlik P , et al. (2018). Global exposure and vulnerability to multi-sector development and climate change hotspots. Environmental Research Letters 13: e055012. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/aabf45.
Liu L, Parkinson S, Gidden M, Byers E , Satoh Y, Riahi K , & Forman B (2018). Quantifying the potential for reservoirs to secure future surface water yields in the world's largest river basins. Environmental Research Letters 13 (4): e044026. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/aab2b5.
Parkinson S, Makowski M , Krey V , Sedraoui K, Almasoud AH, & Djilali N (2018). A multi-criteria model analysis framework for assessing integrated water-energy system transformation pathways. Applied Energy 210: 477-486. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.142.
Burek P , Kahil T , Parkinson S, Satoh Y, & Wada Y (2018). Integrated modeling for assessing water-energy-land nexus - Application of a hydrological and hydro-economic modeling framework for the Zambezi basin. In: Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018, 20-24 May, 2018, Chiba, Japan.
McCollum DL, Gomez Echeverri L, Busch S, Pachauri S , Parkinson S, Rogelj J , Krey V , Minx JC, et al. (2018). Connecting the sustainable development goals by their energy inter-linkages. Environmental Research Letters 13 (3): 033006. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/aaafe3.
Willaarts B , Langan S , Balkovic J , Burek P , Byers E , Deppermann A, Frank S , Gidden M, et al. (2018). Integrated Solutions for Water, Energy and Land Progress report 3. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Parkinson S, Kahil M, Wada Y , Krey V , Byers E , Johnson N, Burek P , Satoh Y, et al. (2017). Hydro-economic modeling of integrated solutions for the water-energy-land nexus in Africa. In: AGU Fall Meeting, 11-15 December 2015, New Orleans.
Gidden M, Byers E , Burek P , Ebi K, Greve P, Havlik P , Hillers A, Johnson N, et al. (2017). Exposure and Vulnerability to Energy, Water, and Land Hotspots under Different Climate Futures. In: 10th Integrated Assessment Modelling Consortium Meeting, December 2017.
Byers E , Gidden M, Burek P , Leclere D, Palazzo A , Parkinson S, Rogelj J , Satoh Y, et al. (2017). Multi-sector climate impacts assessment for water, energy and land. In: Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project Meeting, 9-10 October 2017, Potsdam, Germany.
Kahil T , Parkinson S, Burek P , Satoh Y, Greve P, Fischer G, Tramberend S , Langan S , et al. (2017). Economic costs of reducing unsustainable groundwater use: Application of IIASA global hydro-economic modeling framework. In: JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017, 20-25 May 2017, Tokyo, Japan.
McCollum D, Gomez Echeverri L, Busch S, Pachauri S , Parkinson S, Rogelj J , Krey V , Riahi K , et al. (2017). Connecting the Sustainable Development Goals by their energy inter-linkages. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-17-006
Johnson N, Strubegger M, McPherson M, Parkinson S, Krey V , & Sullivan P (2017). A reduced-form approach for representing the impacts of wind and solar PV deployment on the structure and operation of the electricity system. Energy Economics 64: 651-554. DOI:10.1016/j.eneco.2016.07.010.
Liu L, Parkinson S, Gidden M, Byers E , Satoh Y, Riahi K , & Forman B (2017). Global surface water reservoir storage under climate change, land use constraints, and population growth. In: European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2017, 23–28 April 2017, Vienna, Austria.
Gidden M, Byers E , Greve P, Kahil T , Parkinson S, Raptis C, Rogelj J , Satoh Y, et al. (2017). Hydroclimatic risks and uncertainty in the global power sector. In: European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2017, 23–28 April 2017, Vienna, Austria.
Fricko O , Parkinson S, Johnson N, Strubegger M, van Vliet MTH, & Riahi K (2017). Energy Sector Adaptation in Response to Water Scarcity. In: IIASA Institutional Evaluation 2017, 27 February-1 March 2017, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
International Council for Science (2017). A Guide to SDG Interactions: from Science to Implementation. International Council for Science, Paris. DOI:10.24948/2017.01.
McCollum D, Gomez Echeverri L, Riahi K , & Parkinson S (2017). SDG7: Ensure Access to Affordable, Reliable, Sustainable and Modern Energy for All. In: A guide to SDG interactions: from science to implementation. Eds. Griggs, D.J., Nilsson, M., Stevance, A. & McCollum, D., pp. 127-173 International Council for Science, Paris. 10.24948/2017.01.
Willaarts B , Langan S , Balkovic J , Burek P , Byers E , Deppermann A, Gidden M, Greve P, et al. (2017). Integrated Solutions for Water, Energy and Land Progress report 2. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Parkinson S, Johnson N, Rao N , Jones B, van Vliet M, Fricko O , Djilali N, Riahi K , et al. (2016). Climate and human development impacts on municipal water demand: A spatially-explicit global modeling framework. Environmental Modelling & Software 85: 266-278. DOI:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.08.002.
Parkinson S, Djilali N, Krey V , Fricko O , Johnson N, Khan Z, Sedraoui K, & Almasoud AH (2016). Impacts of Groundwater Constraints on Saudi Arabia’s Low-Carbon Electricity Supply Strategy. Environmental Science & Technology 50 (4): 1653-1662. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.5b05852.
Fricko O , Parkinson S, Johnson N, Strubegger M, van Vliet MTH, & Riahi K (2016). Energy sector water use implications of a 2°C climate policy. Environmental Research Letters 11 (3): e034011. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034011.
Fricko O , Parkinson S, Johnson N, Strubegger M, van Vliet MTH, & Riahi K (2015). Energy Sector Adaptation in Response to Water Scarcity. In: Systems Analysis 2015 - A Conference in Celebration of Howard Raiffa, 11 -13 November, 2015, Laxenburg, Austria.
Parkinson SC & Djilali N (2015). Long-term energy planning with uncertain environmental performance metrics. Applied Energy 147: 402-412. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.02.006.
Parkinson SC & Djilali N (2015). Robust response to hydro-climatic change in electricity generation planning. Climatic Change 130 (4): 475-489. DOI:10.1007/s10584-015-1359-5.
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