Read how IIASA works with research partners across the globe to deliver world-class research.
Science and policy must work together to achieve a sustainable future for humanity.
Dr. Ferenc L. Toth is a Senior Guest Research Scholar with the Energy (ENE) Program. As an environmental and energy economist and policy analyst, he also works as an independent consultant and serves as Panel Member – Climate Change Adaptation on the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP) of the GEF.
Dr. Toth received his MSc (1978) and PhD (1982) in economics from the Budapest University of Economics and a second doctorate (1994) in economics from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
In the course of his career, Dr. Toth worked as a senior energy economist and head of the Energy-Economy-Environment (3E) Analysis Unit in the Planning and Economic Section (PESS), Department of Nuclear Energy, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria. Formerly, he was project leader and senior scientist on development, energy, environment and climate change studies and directed a number of externally funded (including EU) projects at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, Austria and at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) in Potsdam, Germany. Earlier he was associate professor and chair at the Department of Economic Geography, Budapest University of Economics (now Corvinus University of Budapest) and a research scholar at the Institute for Computer Sciences and Automation of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
His current activities are mostly in the domain of energy-economic-environmental analysis and include: energy economics and energy policy analysis at national to global scales; development-energy-environment linkages; climate change mitigation, impacts, adaptation and policy issues; energy security; and strategies for sustainable energy development.
Dr. Toth served as Coordinating Lead Author, Lead and Contributing Author of a number of chapters in various reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) since 1995, most recently in Working Groups II and III of the Fifth Assessment (2014). He was also Coordinating Lead Author of several chapters in three different working groups of the Millennium Ecosystems Assessment (2001–2005).
Last update: 08-JUN-2018
Blanco G, Gerlagh R, Suh S, Barrett J, de Coninck HC, Morejon CFD, Mathur R, Nakicenovic N , et al. (2014). Chapter 5 - Drivers, trends and mitigation. In: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. IPCC Working Group III Contribution to AR5. Cambridge University Press.
Toth FL & Hizsnyik E (2008). Managing the inconceivable: Participatory assessments of impacts and responses to extreme climate change. Climatic Change 91 (1): 81-101. DOI:10.1007/s10584-008-9425-x.
Toth FL (2008). Dealing with surprises in environmental scenarios. In: Environmental Futures - The Practice of Environmental Scenario Analysis (Developments in Integrated Environmental Assessment, Vol.2). Eds. Alcamo, J., Amsterdam: Elsevier. ISBN 978044453293010.1016/S1574-101X(08)00408-0.
Tol RSJ, Bohn M, Downing T, Guillerminet ML, Hizsnyik E, Kasperson RE, Lonsdale K, & Toth FL (2006). Adaptation to five metres of sea level rise. Journal of Risk Research 9 (5): 467-482. DOI:10.1080/13669870600717632.
Toth FL (2004). Environmental Management: From Assessment to Decision-Making. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-04-076
Toth FL & Hizsnyik E (2004). Assessing the Implications of Extreme Sea-level Rise - Part 1: Stakeholder Interaction Methodology in the ATLANTIS Project. Background paper prepared for the ATLANTIS Project sponsored by the European Commission under EVK-CT-2002-000138 
Toth FL & Hizsnyik E (2004). Assessing the Implications of Extreme Sea-level Rise - Part 2: Two Pilot Designs for the ATLANTIS Stakeholder Workshops. Background paper prepared for the ATLANTIS Project sponsored by the European Commission under EVK-CT-2002-000138 
Toth FL (2003). Ecosystems and Human Well-being: A Framework for Assessment. Washington: Island Press. ISBN 9781559634038
Toth FL (2003). Integrated assessment of climate protection strategies: Guest editorial. Climatic Change 56 (1): 1-5. DOI:10.1023/A:1021316020263.
Bruckner T, Fuessel H-M, Leimbach M, Petschel-Held G, & Toth FL (2003). Methodological aspects of the tolerable windows approach. Climatic Change 56 (1): 73-89. DOI:10.1023/A:1021388429866.
Fuessel H-M, Toth FL, Minnen JG van, & Kaspar F (2003). Climate impact response functions as impact tools in the tolerable windows approach. Climatic Change 56 (1): 91-117. DOI:10.1023/A:1021340513936.
Leimbach M & Toth FL (2003). Economic development and emission control over the long term: The ICLIPS aggregated economic model. Climatic Change 56 (1): 119-137. DOI:10.1023/A:1021392530774.
Toth FL (2003). Climate policy in light of climate science: The ICLIPS project. Climatic Change 56 (1): 7-36. DOI:10.1023/A:1021376128049.
Toth FL (2003). State of the art and future challenges for integrated environmental assessment. Integrated Assessment 4 (4): 250-264. DOI:10.1080/1389517049051540.
Toth FL, Bruckner T, Fuessel H-M, Leimbach M, & Petschel-Held G (2003). Integrated assessment of long-term climate policies: Part 1 - Model presentation. Climatic Change 56 (1): 37-56. DOI:10.1023/A:1021332312119.
Toth FL, Bruckner T, Fuessel H-M, Leimbach M, & Petschel-Held G (2003). Integrated assessment of long-term climate policies: Part 2 - Model results and uncertainty analysis. Climatic Change 56 (1): 57-72. DOI:10.1023/A:1021384313027.
Toth FL, Bruckner T, Fuessel H-M, Leimbach M, Petschel-Held G, & Schellnhuber HJ (2002). Exploring options for global climate policy: A new analytical framework. Environment 44 (5): 22-34. DOI:10.1080/00139150209605787.
Nakicenovic N , Nordhaus WD, Richels R, & Toth FL (1996). Climate Change: Integrating Science, Economics, and Policy. IIASA Collaborative Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: CP-96-001
Nakicenovic N , Nordhaus WD, Richels R, & Toth FL (1995). Integrated assessments of mitigation, impacts and adaptation to climate change. Energy Policy 24 (4-5)
Toth FL (1995). Discounting in integrated assessments of climate change. Energy Policy 23 (4): 403-409. DOI:10.1016/0301-4215(95)90165-4.
Toth FL (1995). Global environmental change: Impacts on and contributions of specific economic sectors. In: Global Environmental Change and Sustainable Development in Europe. Eds. Jaeger, J., Liberatore, A. & Grundlach, K., Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: European Commission.
Toth FL (1995). Policy exercises: The first 10 years. In: Simulations and Gaming across Disciplines and Cultures : ISAGA at a Watershed. Eds. Crookall, D. & Arai, K., pp. 257-264 London, UK: Sage. ISBN 0-8037-7102-8
Toth FL (1995). Practice and progress in integrated assessments of climate change: A workshop overview. Energy Policy 23 (4): 253-267. DOI:10.1016/0301-4215(95)90152-W.
Toth FL (1995). Simulation/Gaming for long-term policy problems. In: Simulation/Gaming Across Disciplines and Cultures: ISAGA at a Watershed. Eds. Crookall, D. & Arai, K., London: Sage Publications. ISBN 0-8039-7102-8
Nakicenovic N , Nordhaus WD, Richels R, & Toth FL (1994). Integrative Assessment of Mitigation, Impacts, and Adaptation to Climate Change. IIASA Collaborative Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: CP-94-009
Toth FL (1993). From No-Man's Land to a Congested Paradise: An Environmental History of Mauritius. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-93-027
Duinker P, Nilsson S, & Toth FL (1993). Testing the "Policy Exercise" in Studies of Europe's Forest Sector: Methodological Reflections on a Bittersweet Experience. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-93-023
Toth FL (1992). Policy Responses to Climate Change in Southeast Asia. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-93-008. Reprinted from The Regions and Global Warming: Impacts and Response Strategies, J. Schmandt and J. Clarkson (eds), Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 304-322 
Lutz W & Toth FL (1991). Population, Economy, and Environment in Mauritius (Proceedings of the task force meeting on Population and Sustainable Development: Mauritius, 3-5 September 1990). IIASA Collaborative Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: CP-91-001
Toth FL, Hizsnyik E, & Clark WC (1989). Scenarios of Socioeconomic Development for Studies of Global Environmental Change: A Critical Review. IIASA Research Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-89-004
Toth FL (1988). Practicing the Future. Part 2: Lessons from the First Experiments with Policy Exercises. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-88-012
Toth FL (1986). Practicing the Future: Implementing "The Policy Exercise Concept". IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-86-023
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313