RESTORE+: Addressing Landscape Restoration on Degraded Land in Indonesia and Brazil

RESTORE+ aims to explore restoration and utilization options of tropical degraded and/or marginal land in order to ease pressure on deforestation as well as mitigating climate change. The project aspires to generate innovative methodology that combines multi-objective modelling (utilizing more than five in-house and newly developed models) with advanced big data and crowd-empowered remote sensing analyses.



Brazil and Indonesia face tremendous pressure to prioritize sustainable land use. In attempt to address this pressure, Indonesia is prioritizing agricultural expansion on degraded/marginal land. Such goal is ambitious as it has to tackle multiple objectives including food/energy security, sustainable exploration and minimizing land use conflicts. Meanwhile, Brazil has set deforestation reduction targets to 2020 and the new Forest Code includes forest restoration targets. Moreover, multinational companies with activities reaching over both countries have pledged zero deforestation supply chains. These targets are challenged with current situation in both countries. Indonesia lacks the necessary tools and high quality data to identify degraded and marginal lands based on agreed definitions. In Brazil, detailed assessment of the forest restoration needs on previously illegally deforested area in the Amazon has not yet been possible due to the lack of registration of rural properties.

27 June 2017
Safeguarding sustainability through forest certification mapping

How can we ensure forest protection and sustainable forest biomass production at the same time? A first-ever global map of certified forest areas, based on a participatory and collaborative mapping approach, contributes to the answer.  More

09 June 2017
Focus on zero-deforestation palm oil in Malaysia

Many companies pledged to source deforestation-free palm oil only. What does that mean on the ground? A new IIASA study in collaboration with Ferrero sheds light on land use in palm estates in Malaysia.  More

20 April 2017
Restoring tropical forests for a sustainable future

The new RESTORE+ project brings together ten international partners to develop policy-oriented solutions for tropical forest restoration in Indonesia, Brazil, and the Congo.  More


25 Sep 2019 - 27 Sep 2019

RESTORE+ Mid-term meeting

National stakeholders from Brazil, government representatives from Indonesia, as well as representatives of the broader international restoration community met in Brazil for the RESTORE+ Mid-term meeting. More

29 Apr 2019 - 30 Apr 2019

2019 RESTORE+ Consortium Meeting - Progress and next steps

Two years after hosting the kick-off workshop of the RESTORE+ project in April 2017 at IIASA, the RESTORE+ consortium members will come together a second time to discuss the project’s progress and relevant next steps. More

24 Apr 2019 - 26 Apr 2019

RESTORE+ at the 4th Open Science Meeting (GLP 4th OSM 2019)

Transforming Land Systems for People and Nature More


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Khabarov, N. , Krasovskii, A. , Obersteiner, M. , Swart, R., Dosio, A., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Durrant, T., Camia, A., et al. (2017). Adaptation to Increasing Risk of Forest Fires. In: IIASA Institutional Evaluation 2017, 27 February-1 March 2017, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.

Chandler, M., See, L. , Andrianandrasana, H., Becker, D., Berardi, A., Bodmer, R., Constantino, P.D.A.L., Cousins, J., et al. (2017). The value and opportunities of community-and citizen-based approaches to tropical forest biodiversity monitoring. In: A Sourcebook of Methods and Procedures for Monitoring Essential Biodiversity Variables in Tropical Forests with Remote Sensing. Eds. Gill, M., Jongman, R., Luque, S., Mora, B., Paganini, M. & Szantoi, Z., pp. 223-281 Wageningen University, The Netherlands: GOFC - GOLD Land Cover Project Office. ISSN: 2542-6729.

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Folberth, C. , Elliott, J., Müller, C., Balkovic, J. , Chryssanthacopoulos, J., Izaurralde, R.C., Jones, C.D., Khabarov, N. , et al. (2016). Uncertainties in global crop model frameworks: effects of cultivar distribution, crop management and soil handling on crop yield estimates. Biogeosciences Discussions, 1-30. 10.5194/bg-2016-527. (Submitted)

Hasegawa, T., Fujimori, S. , Boer, R., Immanuel, G., & Masui, T. (2016). Land-Based Mitigation Strategies under the Mid-Term Carbon Reduction Targets in Indonesia. Sustainability 8 (12), e1283. 10.3390/su8121283.

Camara, G., Soterroni, A., Ramos, F., Carvalho, A., Andrade, P., Souza, R.S., Mosnier, A., Mant, R., et al. (2016). Modelling Land Use Change in Brazil:2000-2050 (Dataset). 10.22022/REDD/09-2016.13782.

Camara, G., Soterroni, A., Ramos, F., Carvalho, A., Andrade, P., Souza, R.S., Mosnier, A., Mant, R., et al. (2015). Modelling Land Use Change in Brazil: 2000–2050. NPE, IPEA, IIASA, UNEP-WCMC

Mosnier, A., Mant, R., Pirker, J., Bodin, P., Bokelo, D., Tonga, P., Havlik, P. , Bocqueho, G., et al. (2015). Modelling Land Use Changes in the Democratic Republic of Congo 2000-2030 . A report by the REDD-PAC project. UNEP-WCMC, IIASA, COMIFAC

Kraxner, F. & Nordstrom, E.-M. (2015). Bioenergy futures: a global outlook on the implications of land use for forest-based feedstock production. In: the Future Use of Nordic Forests. A Global Perspective. Eds. Lindahl, E., Westholm, K., Lindahl, B. & Kraxner, F., pp. 63-81 Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. ISBN 978-3-319-14217-310.1007/978-3-319-14218-0_5.

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Last edited: 19 January 2021


Florian Kraxner

Research Group Leader and Principal Research Scholar

Agriculture, Forestry, and Ecosystem Services Research Group

Biodiversity and Natural Resources Program

T +43(0) 2236 807 233

Ping Yowargana

Research Scholar

Agriculture, Forestry, and Ecosystem Services Research Group

Biodiversity and Natural Resources Program

T +43(0) 2236 807 462


Supporting national climate policy in Brazil and beyond

Related information


Find more information on the RESTORE+ Consultation Meeting in Indonesia in November 2017, the Launching the RESTORE+ Project in Jakarta in June 2017 and other events.

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313