Strategy of sustainable industrial development of Kyrgyzstan

Growing globalization increases the interconnectedness of countries embedded in complex supply and value chains. Countries also become increasingly interdependent through transnational transport corridors, the exchange of information and knowledge investments and migrant flows, etc. The future of the Kyrgyz Republic - a small, landlocked and open developing economy - is heavily influenced by global and regional geopolitical and geoeconomic processes.

This project is a joint effort of IIASA, the Research and Industrial Policy Advice (RPA) Division of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the State Committee for Industry, Energy and Subsoil Use of the Kyrgyz Republic. 

Objectives

This project analyses the current situation of Kyrgyzstan’s industrial sector and investigates the country’s strengths and weaknesses, as well as its opportunities and risks. Based on these, the project provides recommendations on

  • Improving the quality of governance
  • Securing access to financing and boosting investment
  • Enhancing regional and global economic integration and export opportunities
  • Integrating regional development with industrial development
  • Addressing social development goals and environmental sustainability
  • Creating infrastructure necessary for industrial development
  • Fostering the development of key strategic sectors - electricity, light industry, machinery, construction, information technologies (IT) and others.

IIASA research

The priorities for industrial development in Kyrgyzstan are identified and substantiated on the analysis carried out by IIASA researchers. The approach includes an extensive review of strategic documents in Kyrgyzstan, analysis of data from a number of national and international databases, in-depth interviews with key stakeholders in Kyrgyzstan, extensive stakeholder engagement processes in the country, including the creation of a critical stakeholder group and four round-table discussions in the Bishkek, Osh, Karakol and Jalal-Abad regions which were held in May and July 2018. Advanced foresight and participatory scenario planning methods were employed to develop long-term scenarios representing possible paths of Kyrgyzstan’s future industrial and economic development. These scenarios help to delineate uncertainties that policymakers encounter in their decision-making.

Results

The project outcomes served as a basis for the Strategy for the Sustainable Development of the Industry of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2019-2023 and the Action Plan for its implementation, which were adopted by Decree of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic No. 502 on 27 September 2019. The extended results of the project are published in a joint UNIDO-IIASA report, a series of working papers and a peer-reviewed paper in the Futures journal.

Strelkovskii, N. , Komendantova, N. , Sizov, S. , & Rovenskaya, E. (2020). Building plausible futures: Scenario-based strategic planning of industrial development of Kyrgyzstan. Futures 124, e102646. 10.1016/j.futures.2020.102646.

Komendantova, N. , Atakanov, N., Chekirbaev, U., Karabashov, N., Zheenaliev, Z., Rovenskaya, E. , Strelkovskii, N. , Sizov, S. , et al. (2018). Industrial Development of Kyrgyzstan: Regional Aspects. IIASA Working Paper. Laxenburg, Austria: WP-18-015

Komendantova, N. , Atakanov, N., Chekirbaev, U., Karabashov, N., Zheenaliev, Z., Rovenskaya, E. , Strelkovskii, N. , Sizov, S. , et al. (2018). Industrial Development of Kyrgyzstan: Required Infrastructure and Priority Industrial Sectors. IIASA Working Paper. Laxenburg, Austria: WP-18-014

Komendantova, N. , Rovenskaya, E. , Ekenberg, L. , Strelkovskii, N. , Sizov, S. , Sedighi, E., Stepanova, A., Atakanov, N., et al. (2018). Industrial Development of Kyrgyzstan: Recommendations and Responsible Bodies. IIASA Working Paper. Laxenburg, Austria: WP-18-010

Komendantova, N. , Sizov, S. , Chekirbaev, U., Rovenskaya, E. , Strelkovskii, N. , Karabashov, N., Atakanov, N., Zheenaliev, Z., et al. (2018). Industrial Development of Kyrgyzstan: Investment and Financing. IIASA Working Paper. Laxenburg, Austria: WP-18-013

Rovenskaya, E. , Sedighi, E., Komendantova, N. , Strelkovskii, N. , Karabashov, N., Atakanov, N., Chekirbaev, U., Zheenaliev, Z., et al. (2018). Industrial Development of Kyrgyzstan: Background. IIASA Working Paper. Laxenburg, Austria: WP-18-011

Rovenskaya, E. , Stepanova, A., Komendantova, N , Strelkovskii, N. , Sizov, S. , Karabashov, N., Atakanov, N., Chekirbaev, U., et al. (2018). Industrial Development of Kyrgyzstan: Trade Opportunities, Export Potential and the Role of Economic Integration Processes. IIASA Working Paper. Laxenburg, Austria: WP-18-012

Strelkovskii, N. , Komendantova, N. , Rovenskaya, E. , Sizov, S. , Sedighi, E., Stepanova, A., Atakanov, N., Chekirbaev, U., et al. (2018). Industrial Development of Kyrgyzstan: Plausible Futures. IIASA Working Paper. Laxenburg, Austria: WP-18-009

Komendantova, N. , Rovenskaya, E. , Strelkovskii, N. , Karabashov, N., Atakanov, N., Chekirbaev, U., Sizov, S. , Zheenaliev, Z., et al. (2018). Connecting Regional Development, Regional Integration and Value Added Creation: Strategic Elements for Industrial Development of Kyrgyzstan. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)


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Last edited: 26 April 2021

CONTACT DETAILS

Nadejda Komendantova

Research Group Leader

Cooperation and Transformative Governance Research Group|Advancing Systems Analysis Program

T +43(0) 2236 807 285

CONTACT DETAILS

Elena Rovenskaya

Program Director

Advancing Systems Analysis Program

T +43(0) 2236 807 608

CONTACT DETAILS

Sergey Sizov

Science Diplomacy Officer

Communications and External Relations Department

T +43(0) 2236 807 388

CONTACT DETAILS

Nikita Strelkovskii

Research Scholar

Exploratory Modeling of Human-natural Systems Research Group|Cooperation and Transformative Governance Research Group|Advancing Systems Analysis Program

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Timeframe

2018 - 2019

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
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