BeWhere Finland


Finland is one of the world leaders in having vast experience and poses technological know-how on utilizing woody biomass for producing heat and power, pellets, bio-oil, bio-diesel, black liquor, bio-coal and other value added products. Finland considers ‘bioenergy’ as a permanent solution to reduce its dependency on fossil fuels imports and to fight against Climate Change. The northern most location, cold climate and long distance transportation demands high energy and efficient energy planning.

BeWhere Finland

BeWhere Finland is an effective geographical energy planning system that maps efficient strategy to utilize the limited natural resources in a cost efficient and environmental sustainable manner. The model provides optimal solutions to choose sustainable bioenergy technology portfolio, plant location investment decisions, and policy instruments. The model includes a detailed national level database on forest resources (saw wood, pulpwood, energywood), existing industrial supply and demand (pulpmills, sawmills, Combined Heat and Power plants, pellet industries), complete supply chain (costs and GHG emissions), detailed transport network (roadways and railways), state of the art technology (Fischer Tropsch biodiesel, Biomass Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle) and energy demand (dwelling heat, transport fuel, biofuel import).

Geographic explicit data

From left to right, Forest biomass aggregated at 10km grid size, Heat demand in finland, existing woody industries.
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Objective function

The optimal bioenergy plant locations with least cost options are identified by minimizing the complete costs of the supply chain with respect to feedstock supply, industrial competition, and energy demand. A typical Finnish forest based bioenergy supply chain includes energywood harvesting, collection and roadside chipping, transportation by road or rail, energy conversion at the plant, and energy delivery to the demand regions. The model also provides valuable information for a feedstock resource allocation strategy, such as what type of feedstock should be procured, how much should be procured, and from where it should be collected and transported.

Overview of the BeWhere Finland model.

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Last edited: 02 June 2015


Sylvain Leduc

Research Scholar

Agriculture Forestry and Ecosystem Services Research Group

T +43(0) 2236 807 267


Karthikeyan Natarajan

Faculty of Science and Forestry, University of Eastern Finland

BeWhere Model

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International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313