Using the GEA: Energy access

Energy access is a key challenge for developing countries in particular, and one of the major questions addressed by the GEA.

The GEA shows that it is possible and economically viable to enable the delivery of clean, sustainable energy to the 1.4 billion people currently living without electricity and the 3 billion without access to modern cooking fuels or devices. This could be achieved without additional increases in greenhouse gas emissions.

Video: What are the pathways, policies, costs and benefits to achieving total rural electrification by 2030? 

Video: How can we define and measure energy access and energy poverty?

More information

Download Chapter 2: Energy, Poverty and Development

Download Chapter 17: Energy Pathways for Sustainable Development

Download Chapter 19: Energy Access for Development

Download Chapter 23: Policies for Energy Access


Pachauri S, et. al. 2013. Pathways to achieve universal household access to modern energy by 2030. Environmental Research Letters.

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Last edited: 15 January 2014


Shonali Pachauri

Research Group Leader

Transformative Institutional and Social Solutions Research Group|Energy


and Environment Program

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