IIASA models, tools, and data are developed in collaboration with partners to tackle challenges at global, regional, national, and sub-national levels.
Read how IIASA works with research partners across the globe to deliver world-class research.
Science and policy must work together to achieve a sustainable future for humanity.
Senior Guest Research Scholar Agriculture, Forestry, and Ecosystem Services Research Group
Biodiversity and Natural Resources Program
+43(0) 2236 807 669
Prof. Junguo Liu is a Senior Guest Research Scholar with the IIASA Ecosystems Services and Management Program, Center for Landscape Resilience & Management (ESM-CLR). His main research interests include hydrology and water resources management, global environmental change, and ecological restoration. He has earned an excellent international reputation through his contributions to the fields of water resources research and ecological restoration. His scientific achievements and extensive services to the hydrological communities worldwide are outstanding and he has led pioneering work on advancing water resources assessment in coupled human-natural systems, in particular for global hydrology research and water scarcity assessment by incorporating water resources quantity, quality and environmental flow requirement. His work has been a breakthrough in assessing and quantifying the water quantity and quality related water scarcity, which has become increasingly common in many areas in the world as the poor water quality makes the limited water resources not useable. He has extensive working experience in China, Austria, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, the U.K., and the U.S., among others. He is an expert consultant for many international organizations including UN-Water, UNEP, and the Water Footprint Network. He was selected as a Lead Author of the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) Sixth Assessment Report. He is a target leader of the Decade Program 2013-2022 (Panta Rhei) of the International Association for Hydrological Sciences (IAHS), the Chair of the working group on Water Scarcity Assessment of the Panta Rhei program, and the vice-president of the Chinese Working Committee for the IAHS-Panta Rhei. He organized and co-chaired the first International Conference on Hydrological Knowledge Innovation and Practice in Developing Countries in 2016 in Shenzhen, China. This conference has led to the mile-stone document 'The Shenzhen Declaration on Global Hydrological Science and Practice'.
Prof. Liu has made a substantial contribution to eco-hydrological restoration in China. He founded two ecological restoration organizations in China: the Society for Ecological Rehabilitation of Beijing (SERB), founded in 2014, and the Union of Societies for Ecological Restoration and Environmental Protection (USEREP), founded in 2016. The former is the first society recognized by the Chinese government which specifically focuses on eco-hydrological restoration. The latter is the first officially recognized union of Chinese organizations by Beijing Association of Science and Technology. Prof. Liu is the first president of SERB, and the first Chair of USEREP. Both the organizations are playing important roles in safeguarding China's water and ecological security. He was also the Chair of the 9th World Ecosystem Services Partnership Conference that was held in Shenzhen in December, 2017.
Prof. Liu is author of about 150 publications, including articles in Science (1), Nature (1), PNAS (2), Nature Climate Change (1), Nature Communications (1), Nature Sustainability (1) and Science Advances (1). His articles have been cited for about 5000 times. In recognition of his outstanding work, he won the Outstanding Young Scientist Award of the European Geosciences Union in 2009, and he was the first hydrologist in the world to receive this award. He also received The Person of the Year of Scientific Chinese (2011), ProSPER.Net-Scopus Young Scientist Award (2011), the Young Researcher Gold Award by China Science Daily (2012), the Outstanding Young Scientist Award from the National Natural Science Foundation in China (2016), the 2017 Communication Award of the International Society for Ecological Restoration (SER), the Young Scientists Award (one out of eight in all fields in China) from the Ministry of Education of China (2018), the Science and Technology Award for Chinese Youth (2019).
Last update: 14 JAN 2020
Meng, Y., Liu, J., Leduc, S., Mesfun, S. , Kraxner, F., Mao, G., Qi, W., & Wang, Z. (2020). Hydropower production benefits more from 1.5°C than 2°C climate scenario. Water Resources Research 56 (5), e2019WR025519. 10.1029/2019WR025519.
Lun, F., Liu, J., Ciais, P., Nesme, T., Chang, J., Wang, R., Goll, D., Sardans, J., et al. (2018). Global and regional phosphorus budgets in agricultural systems and their implications for phosphorus-use efficiency. Earth System Science Data Discussions 10 (1), 1-18. 10.5194/essd-2017-41.
Wada, Y. , Bierkens, M.F.P., de Roo, A., Dirmeyer, P.a., Famiglietti, J.S., Hanasaki, N., Konar, M., Liu, J., et al. (2017). Human-water interface in hydrological modeling: Current status and future directions. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions 21, 4169-4193. 10.5194/hess-2017-248.
Wada, Y. , Bierkens, M.F.P., de Roo, A., Dirmeyer, P.A., Famiglietti, J.S., Hanasaki, N., Konar, M., Liu, J., et al. (2017). Human–water interface in hydrological modelling: current status and future directions. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 21 (8), 4169-4193. 10.5194/hess-21-4169-2017.
Campana, P.E., Leduc, S., Kim, M., Olsson, A., Zhang, J., Liu, J., Kraxner, F., McCallum, I., et al. (2017). Suitable and optimal locations for implementing photovoltaic water pumping systems for grassland irrigation in China. Applied Energy 185 (Part 2), 1879-1889. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.01.004.
Obersteiner, M. , Balkovic, J. , Böttcher, H., Bouma, J., Fritz, S., Fuss, S., Havlik, P. , Heumesser, C., et al. (2017). The Value of Global Earth Observations. In: Satellite Earth Observations and Their Impact on Society and Policy. Eds. Onoda, M. & Young, O.R., pp. 137-142 Singapore: Springer. ISBN 978-981-10-3713-910.1007/978-981-10-3713-9_12.
Kreibich, H., Krueger, T., Van Loon, A., Mejia, A., Liu, J., McMillan, H., & Castellarin, A. (2016). Scientific debate of Panta Rhei research – how to advance our knowledge of changes in hydrology and society? Hydrological Sciences Journal, 1-3. 10.1080/02626667.2016.1209929.
Tian, S., Youssef, M.A., Richards, R.P., Liu, J., Baker, D.B., & Liu, Y. (2016). Different seasonality of nitrate export from an agricultural watershed and an urbanized watershed in Midwestern USA. Journal of Hydrology 541 (Part B), 1375-1384. 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.08.042.
Ma, K., Liu, J., Balkovič, J. , Skalsky, R. , Azevedo, L., & Kraxner, F. (2016). Changes in soil organic carbon stocks of wetlands on China's Zoige plateau from 1980 to 2010. Ecological Modelling 327, 18-28. 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2016.01.009.
Kraxner, F., Aoki, K., Kindermann, G. , Leduc, S., Albrecht, F., Liu, J., & Yamagata, Y. (2016). Bioenergy and the city - What can urban forests contribute? Applied Energy 165, 990-1003. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.12.121.
Hull, V., Yang, W., Liu, W. , Tan, Y., Yang, J., Zhang, H., Ouyang, Z., & Liu, J. (2016). Pandas-people coexistence and competition. In: Pandas and People. Coupling Human and Natural Systems for Sustainability. Eds. Liu, Junguo, Hull, V., Yang, W., Vina, A., Chen, X., Ouyang, Z. & Zhang, H., pp. 49-59 New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198703549
Liu, J., Hull, V., Luo, J., Yang, W., Liu, W. , Vina, A., & Vogt, C. (2016). Human-nature interactions over distances. In: Pandas and People. Coupling Human and Natural Systems for Sustainability. Eds. Liu, J., Hull, V., Yang, W., Vina, A., Chen, X., Ouyang, Z. & Zhang, H., pp. 218-239 New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198703549
Liu, J., Hull, V., Yang, W., Vina, A., An, L., Carter, N., Chen, X., Liu, W. , et al. (2016). Lessons from local studies for global sustainability. In: Pandas and People. Coupling Human and Natural Systems for Sustainability. Eds. Liu, J., Hull, V., Yang, W., Vina, A., Chen, X., Ouyang, Z. & Chang, H., pp. 240-252 New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198703549
Yang, W., Dietz, T., Liu, W. , & Liu, J. (2016). Quantifying human dependence on ecosystem services. In: Pandas and People. Coupling Human and Natural Systems for Sustainability. Eds. Liu, Junguo, Hull, V., Yang, W., Vina, A., Chen, X., Ouyang, Z. & Zhang, H., pp. 60-71 New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198703549
Hull, V., Yang, W., Liu, W. , Tan, Y., Yang, J., Zhang, H., Ouyang, Z., & Liu, J. (2016). Peek into a home for pandas and people. In: Pandas and People. Coupling Human and Natural Systems for Sustainability. Eds. Liu, Junguo, Hull, V., Yang, W., Vina, A., Che, X., Ouyang, Z. & Zhang, H., pp. 37-48 New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198703549
Obersteiner, M. , Walsh, B. , Frank, S. , Havlik, P. , Cantele, M., Liu, J., Palazzo, A. , Herrero, M., et al. (2016). Assessing the land resource-food price nexus of the Sustainable Development Goals. Science Advances 2 (9), e1501499. 10.1126/sciadv.1501499.
Chen, C., Hagemann, S., & Liu, J. (2015). Assessment of impact of climate change on the blue and green water resources in large river basins in China. Environmental Earth Sciences 74 (8), 6381-6394. 10.1007/s12665-014-3782-8.
Campana, P.E., Leduc, S., Kim, M., Liu, J., Kraxner, F., McCallum, I., Li, H., & Yan, J. (2015). Optimal grassland locations for sustainable photovoltaic water pumping systems in China. Energy Procedia 75, 301-307. 10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.355.
Liu, Z., Guan, D., Wei, W., Davis, S.J., Ciais, P., Bai, J., Peng, S., Zhang, Q., et al. (2015). Reduced carbon emission estimates from fossil fuel combustion and cement production in China. Nature 524, 335-338. 10.1038/nature14677.
Zhang, X., Ermolieva, T., Balkovič, J. , Mosnier, A., Kraxner, F., & Liu, J. (2015). Recursive cross-entropy downscaling model for spatially explicit future land uses: A case study of the Heihe River Basin. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C 89-90, 56-64. 10.1016/j.pce.2015.05.007.
Tillotson, M.R., Liu, J., Guan, D., Wu, P., Zhao, X., Zhang, G., Pfister, S., & Pahlow, M. (2014). Water Footprint Symposium: Where next for water footprint and water assessment methodology? The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 19 (8), 1561-1565. 10.1007/s11367-014-0770-x.
Folberth, C. , Yang, H., Gaiser, T., Liu, J., Wang, X., Williams, J., & Schulin, R. (2014). Effects of ecological and conventional agricultural intensification practices on maize yields in sub-Saharan Africa under potential climate change. Environmental Research Letters 9 (4), no.044004. 10.1088/1748-9326/9/4/044004.
Zhao, Q., Liu, J., Khabarov, N. , Obersteiner, M. , & Westphal, M. (2014). Impacts of climate change on virtual water content of crops in China. Ecological Informatics 19 (1), 26-34. 10.1016/j.ecoinf.2013.12.005.
Dominguez-Faus, R., Folberth, C. , Liu, J., Jaffe, A.M., & Alvarez, P.J.J. (2013). Climate change would increase the water intensity of irrigated corn ethanol. Environmental Science & Technology 10.1021/es400435n.
Liu, J., Zang, C., Tian, S., Liu, J., Yang, H., Jia, S., You, L., Liu, B., et al. (2013). Water conservancy projects in China: Achievements, challenges and way forward. Global Environmental Change 23 (3), 633-643. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.02.002.
Liu, J., Folberth, C. , Yang, H., Roeckstroem, J., Abbaspour, K., & Zehnder, A.J.B. (2013). A global and spatially explicit assessment of climate change impacts on crop production and consumptive water use. PLoS ONE 8 (2), e57750. 10.1371/journal.pone.0057750.
Ma, K., You, L., Liu, J., & Zhang, M. (2012). A hybrid wetland map for China: A synergistic approach using census and spatially explicit datasets. PLoS ONE 7 (10), E47814. 10.1371/journal.pone.0047814.
Zeng, Z., Liu, J., Koeneman, P.H., Zarate, E., & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012). Assessing water footprint at river basin level: A case study for the Heihe River Basin in northwest China. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16 (8), 2771-2781. 10.5194/hess-16-2771-2012.
Zang, C.F., Liu, J., van der Velde, M., & Kraxner, F. (2012). Assessment of spatial and temporal patterns of green and blue water flows under natural conditions in inland river basins in Northwest China. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16 (8), 2859-2870. 10.5194/hess-16-2859-2012.
Fritz, S., You, L., Bun, A., See, L. , McCallum, I., Schill, C., Perger, C., Liu, J., et al. (2011). Cropland for sub-Saharan Africa: A synergistic approach using five land cover data sets. Geophysical Research Letters 38, L04404. 10.1029/2010GL046213.
Liu, J. & Yang, H. (2010). Spatially explicit assessment of global consumptive water uses in cropland: Green and blue water. Journal of Hydrology 384 (3), 187-197. 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.11.024.
Liu, J., You, L., Amini, M., Obersteiner, M. , Herrero, M., Zehnder, A.J.B., & Yang, H. (2010). A high-resolution assessment on global nitrogen flows in cropland. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107 (17), 8035-8040. 10.1073/pnas.0913658107.
Liu, J. (2009). Consumptive water use in cropland and its partitioning: A high-resolution assessment. Science in China Series E: Technological Sciences 52 (11), 3309-3314. 10.1007/s11431-009-0347-2.
Liu, J., Fritz, S., Wesenbeeck, C.F.A. van, Fuchs, M., You, L., Obersteiner, M. , & Yang, H. (2008). A spatially explicit assessment of current and future hotspots of hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa in the context of global change. Global and Planetary Change 64 (3), 222-235. 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.09.007.
Liu, J., Wiberg, D., Zehnder, A.J.B., & Yang, H. (2007). Modeling the role of irrigation in winter wheat yield, crop water productivity, and production in China. Irrigation Science 26 (1), 21-33. 10.1007/s00271-007-0069-9.
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313