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Dr. Gui-Ying Cao joined IIASA in 1998. Currently a Senior Research Scholar with IIASA's Council and External Relations Department and its Advanced Systems Analysis Program, she also held research positions with IIASA's Forestry Program (2005,2011) and World Population Program (1998,2005). As principal investigator and/or coordinator, she has led a great number of multidisciplinary research projects at IIASA. She has also played an established role in fostering IIASA's network with Chinese institutions and scientists.
Dr. Cao is an Adjunct Professor at Peking University and a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Shanghai Climate Research Center. Dr. Cao served as a member of the UN Committee for Development Policy (2004,2009), having been appointed by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.
Prior to joining IIASA, Dr. Cao held positions at the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare of China, the Population Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the National Bank of China, and the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women in Vienna.
Dr. Cao received her PhD in sociology from the Department of Economics of the University of Vienna. She completed her economics studies at Tianjin University, China, and her demography studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Her scientific interests focus on human resources (labor, migration, urbanization) and their interaction with agro-ecological changes and environment along with the economic and demographic transitions.
Dr. Cao has published more than 60 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters in English, Chinese, and German and has been a principal author or co-author for important reports at both the national and international levels of governance.
Last update: 03 JUL 2013
Gao, J., Xu, X., Cao, G.-Y., Ermoliev, Y., Ermolieva, T., & Rovenskaya, E. (2021). Strategic decision-support modeling for robust management of the food–energy–water nexus under uncertainty. Journal of Cleaner Production 292, e125995. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.125995.
Tarasyev, A., Agarkov, G., Rovenskaya, E. , & Cao, G.-Y. (2019). Dynamic modeling of age-structured migration flows. AIP Conference Proceedings 2186, e050004. 10.1063/1.5137937.
Liu, J., Kiesewetter, G. , Klimont, Z. , Cofala, J., Heyes, C., Schöpp, W., Zhu, T., Cao, G., et al. (2019). Mitigation pathways of air pollution from residential emissions in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region in China. Environment International 125, 236-244. 10.1016/j.envint.2018.09.059.
Cheng, Y., Ermolieva, T., Cao, G.-Y., & Zheng, X. (2018). Health Impacts of Exposure to Gaseous Pollutants and Particulate Matter in Beijing—A Non-Linear Analysis Based on the New Evidence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15 (9), e1969. 10.3390/ijerph15091969.
Gao, J., Xu, X., Cao, G.-Y., Ermoliev, Y., Ermolieva, T., & Rovenskaya, E. (2018). Optimizing Regional Food and Energy Production under Limited Water Availability through Integrated Modeling. Sustainability 10 (6), e1689. 10.3390/su10061689.
Li, S., Li, X., Sun, L., Cao, G.-Y., Fischer, G., & Tramberend, S. (2018). An Estimation of the Extent of Cropland Abandonment in Mountainous Regions of China. Land Degradation & Development 29 (5), 1327-1342. 10.1002/ldr.2924.
Ren, M., Xu, X., Ermolieva, T., Cao, G.-Y., & Yermoliev, Y. (2018). The Optimal Technological Development Path to Reduce Pollution and Restructure Iron and Steel Industry for Sustainable Transition. International Journal of Science and Engineering Investigations 7 (73), 100-105.
Cao, G.-Y., Gao, J., Ermolieva, T., Xu, X., & Rovenskaya, E. (2017). Societal Dimension of Energy Consumption – Exploring Environmental Inequality in China. Research in World Economy 8 (2), 59-65.
Tarasyev, A., Cao, G.-Y., & Rovenskaya, E. (2016). Migration Flows and Effects in the CIS Countries—Dynamic Modelling. Modern Economy 07 (07), 799-814. 10.4236/me.2016.77082.
Cao, G.-Y., Li, S., & Wang, H. (2015). Demographic change under the evolving urban forum in the mountain region - aspects of structure and spatial distribution. Aging Research 2 (4), 50-61. 10.12677/ar.2015.24008.
Gao, J., Sun, C., Xiangyang, X., Cao, G.-Y., Yermoliev, Y., Ermolieva, T., Mosnier, A., & Rovenskaya, E. (2015). Advanced Stochastic Optimization Modeling of the Water-energy-food Nexus for Robust Energy and Agricultural Development: Coal Mining Industry in Shanxi province, China. In: Systems Analysis 2015 - A Conference in Celebration of Howard Raiffa, 11 -13 November, 2015, Laxenburg, Austria.
Xu, X., Gao, J., Cao, G.-Y., Ermoliev, Y., Ermolieva, T., Kryazhimskiy, A.V., & Rovenskaya, E. (2015). Modeling water-energy-food nexus for planning energy and agriculture developments: case study of coal mining industry in Shanxi province, China. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-15-020
Xiangyang, X., Gao, J., Cao, G.-Y., Ermoliev, Y., Ermolieva, T., Kryazhimskii, A.V., & Rovenskaya, E. (2015). Systems analysis of coal production and energy-water-food security in China. Cybernetics and Systems Analysis 51 (3), 370-377. 10.1007/s10559-015-9729-6.
Tian, Z., Liang, Z., Zhong, H., Qiu, H., Sun, L., Fischer, G., van Velthuizen, H.T., Cao, G.-Y., et al. (2013). Upside potential versus downside risk in Chinese agriculture under climate change. In: Intelligent Systems and Decision Making for Risk Analysis and Crisis Response: Proceedings, RACR 2013, 27-29 August 2013.
Tian, Z., Cao, G.-Y., Shi, J., McCallum, I., Cui, L., Fan, D., & Li, X. (2012). Urban transformation of a metropolis and its environmental impacts: A case study in Shanghai. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 19 (5), 1364-1374. 10.1007/s11356-011-0641-y.
Cao, G.-Y., Chen, G., Pang, L.-H., Zheng, X.-Y., & Nilsson, S. (2012). Urban growth in China: Past, prospect, and its impacts. Population and Environment 33 (2), 137-160. 10.1007/s11111-011-0140-6.
Fischer, G., Winiwarter, W. , Cao, G.-Y., Ermolieva, T., Hizsnyik, E., Klimont, Z. , Wiberg, D., & Zheng, X.Y. (2012). Implications of population growth and urbanization on agricultural risks in China. Population and Environment 33 (2), 243-258. 10.1007/s11111-011-0134-4.
MacKellar, F.L., Cao, G.-Y., Siri, J.G., & Song, Xinming (2012). Special Issue, "Urbanization and Environment in China". Population and Environment 33 (2), 133-268.
Willmore, L., Cao, G.-Y., & Xin, L.-J. (2012). Determinants of off-farm work and temporary migration in China. Population and Environment 33 (2), 161-185. 10.1007/s11111-011-0135-3.
Fischer, G., Winiwarter, W. , Ermolieva, T., Cao, G.-Y., van Velthuizen, H.T., Klimont, Z. , Schoepp, W. , van Veen, W., et al. (2012). Sustainable agriculture in China: Estimation and reduction of nitrogen impacts. In: Managing Safety of Heterogeneous Systems. Eds. Ermoliev, Y, Makowski, M & Marti, K, Heidelberg: Springer. 10.1007/978-3-642-22884-1_16.
Cao, G.-Y., Zheng, X., Horabik, J., Nilsson, S., Xu, J., Wang, H., & Wang, H. (2011). Scenario analysis for the trends of paper consumption in China: Urbanization effect in the medium term. Population and Development 17 (2), 1-13.
Fischer, G., Winiwarter, W. , Ermolieva, T., Cao, G.-Y., Qui, H., Klimont, Z. , Wiberg, D., & Wagner, F. (2010). Integrated modeling framework for assessment and mitigation of nitrogen pollution from agriculture: Concept and case study for China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 136 (1), 116-124. 10.1016/j.agee.2009.12.004.
Ermolieva, T., Winiwarter, W. , Fischer, G., Cao, G.-Y., Klimont, Z. , Schoepp, W. , Li, Y., & Asman, W.A.H. (2009). Integrated Nitrogen Management in China. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-005
Cao, G.-Y. (2009). Committee for Development Policy: Report on the eleventh session (9-13 March 2009). Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 2009, Supplement No. 13 (E/2009/33), United Nations, New York, USA
Cao, G.-Y. (2009). Achieving Sustainable Development in an Age of Climate Change. Policy Note: Committee for Development Policy. ISBN 978-92-1-104592-5
Cao, G.-Y. (2008). United Nations Committee for Development Policy: Report on the Tenth Session (17-20 March 2008). Economic and Social Council, Official Records 2008, Supplement No. 13 (E/2008/33), United Nations, New York, USA
Cao, G.-Y. (2008). The risk of natural disaster and social insurance of rural population: Lessons and challenges for China. Population and Development 14 (4), 22-27.
Fischer, G., Cao, G.-Y., Ermolieva, T., & Sun, L. (2008). Urbanization and livestock production projection: An approach to healthy and environmental risks. Population and Development 14 (6), 1668-1674.
Lutz, W., Scherbov, S. , Cao, G.-Y., Ren, Q., & Zheng, X.-Y. (2007). China's uncertain demographic present and future. In: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research. pp. 37-59 Vienna, Austria: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 10.1553/populationyearbook2007s37.
Cao, G.-Y. (2007). The International Development Agenda and the Climate Change Challenge. New York: United Nations- DESA. ISBN 978-92-1-104571-0
Cao, G.-Y. (2007). Strengthening the International Partnership for Effective Poverty Reduction. New York: United Nations-DESA. ISBN 978-92-1-104573-4
Cao, G.-Y., Zheng, X.-Y., Nilsson, S., Pang, L.-H., & Chen, G. (2006). Metropolitan Trends and Challenges in China: The Demographic Dimension. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-06-051
Cao, G.-Y. (2006). Overcoming Economic Vulnerability and Creating Employment. United Nations Publication
Cao, G.-Y. (2006). The Report on the Eighth Session of Committee for Development Policy, 2006. Economic and Social Council, Official Records, 2006, Supplement No. 13. E/2006/33; Economic and Social Council, United Nations, New York, 
Zheng, X.-Y., Cao, G.-Y., Wang, L.-H., & Chen, G. (2006). The Future Perspectives of Human Capital and Labor in Shanghai. Ma Yinchu Population Science Working Paper Series; Institute and Population Research and WHO Collaborating Center on Reproductive Health and Population Science, Beijing University, Baijing, China 21 p. 
Zheng, X.-Y., Liu, Y.-B., Cao, G.-Y., Pang, L.-H., & Chen, G. (2006). Human Capital and Urbanization Projections for Western China: Gansu and Huizhou Provinces. Ma Yinchu Population Science Working Paper Series; Institute and Population Research and WHO Collaborating Center on Reproductive Health and Population Science, Beijing University, Beijing, China 20 p. 
Cao, G.-Y. (2005). Development Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa and Post-Conflict Countries. United Nations Publication, New York, USA 
Hemminki, E., Wu, Z., Cao, G.-Y., & Viisainen, K. (2005). Illegal births and legal abortions - The case of China. Reproductive Health 2 (5) 10.1186/1742-4755-2-5.
Ren, Q., Zheng, X.-Y., & Cao, G.-Y. (2005). The gender mortality difference in China since the 1980s. Chinese Journal of Population Science 1, 2-13.
Cao, G.-Y. & Qiang, R. (2005). Future trends of urbanization and migration: National and regional perspectives. Population & Economics
Cao, G.-Y. & Lutz, W. (2004). China's future urban and rural population by level of education. In: The End of World Population Growth in the 21st Century: New Challenges for Human Capital Formation and Sustainable Development. Eds. Lutz, W., Sanderson, W.C. & Scherbov, S. , London: Earthscan. ISBN 9781844070992
Cao, G.-Y. (2001). The Future Population of China: Prospects to 2045 by Place of Residence and by Level of Education. Asian MetaCentre Research Paper Series, No. 2. Asian MetaCentre, Singapore (2001)
Cao, G.-Y. (2000). The Future Population of China: Prospects to 2045 by Place of Residence and by Level of Education. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-00-026
Cao, G.-Y. (1999). Demographic Factors Challenging Social Security in Contemporary China. WIIW China Report 1999/3. The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (WIIW) (1999)
Cao, G.-Y. (1999). Social welfare and security in China: Problems and reform. In: The Reform of the Social Security. Eds. Zhang, Q., Beijing: Management Press House.
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