BEC is an interdisciplinary research group that develops and applies state-of-the art ecological knowledge, methods, and tools to understand ecosystem functioning, ecological responses, and feedback in coupled social-economic-ecological systems. The group aims to apply this knowledge and tools to investigate appropriate management options to achieve sustainability goals that have ecological implications.

The BEC group is the institute’s hub of applied ecology and conservation research. The group provides the needed ecological and conservation insights to help IIASA promote institutional, demographic, behavioral, technological, social, and economic changes that achieve development goals sustainably. 

The group’s key research areas include:

  • Ecological responses to natural and anthropogenic drivers of change, for example, land and water management and climate change.
  • How to prioritize conservation efforts to maximize positive impacts at scales from local to global (e.g., habitat restoration and conservation, and species management plans).
  • How species and ecosystems contribute to selected ecosystem services and human wellbeing.


paper cut-out figures on blue background give high five

10 May 2022

IIASA recognizes outstanding research contributions

IIASA recently instituted a new system of awards to recognize outstanding contributions towards meeting the strategic priorities and values of the institute. We are proud to announce that five IIASA research activities have been recognized in the inaugural 2022 award cycle.
Brimstone butterfly on a purple flower against bright blue sky

31 March 2022

How can we improve biodiversity monitoring in Europe?

National biodiversity monitoring programs in Europe face many challenges, according to the first report of the Europe-wide EuropaBON project released today. The analysis includes data from more than 350 experts from policy, science, and environmental protection practice. The team is also drafting a proposal for a transnational monitoring of Europe's biodiversity and ecosystems.






Rice fields in the north of Thailand. Rice crops in water.

Global LandScapes: RFS-IIASA Rapid Spatial Analysis

Wetland calm pond surrounded by golden vegetation and brilliant colors of fall foliage forest

European Union Biodiversity and Climate strategies Assessment (EU BIOCLIMA)


Great Egret taking flight in wetland

28 January 2022

Effective management matters to protect Europe’s water birds in the face of climate change

New research suggests that the effective management of protected areas in Europe can help to advance the range shifts of wintering water birds toward the north as the climate warms.

26 January 2022

Integrated solutions for biodiversity

Policy Brief #33, January 2022. Action on biodiversity loss can be much more effective if it embraces other global challenges.


Martin Jung profile picture

Martin Jung

Research Scholar

Florian Hofhansl profile picture

Florian Hofhansl

Research Scholar

Gergana Daskalova profile picture

Gergana Daskalova

Schmidt Science Fellow

Eleanor Warren-Thomas profile picture

Eleanor Warren-Thomas

IIASA-NERC Research Fellow